Children whose mothers have type 1 diabetes more likely to be overweight

Wednesday, August 08, 2018

Print this page Email A Friend!


NEW German research has found that children whose mothers have type 1 diabetes have a higher risk of being overweight and developing insulin resistance, which could also put them at a higher risk of type 1 diabetes themselves.

Researchers from Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich looked at data taken from 2,779 children with a first-degree relative who has type 1 diabetes. The children were participating in one of three studies investigating the mechanisms underlying type 1 diabetes – TEENDIAB, BABYDIAB and BABYDIET.

The researchers recorded the children's metabolic status and body weight from the age of three months to 18 years, and compared the children of mothers with type 1 diabetes to children who did not have diabetic mothers but who had fathers or siblings with type 1 diabetes.

The results showed that the children of mothers with type 1 diabetes had a significantly higher body mass index than children from mothers without diabetes, with those in the TEENDIAB study, for example, almost twice as likely to become overweight.

Waist circumference, fasting blood glucose level, and risk for insulin resistance were also significantly higher if the mother had type 1 diabetes, even after the researchers had taken into account other potential factors such as the mother's socio-economic status and the child's birth weight.

“Our study shows that children of mothers with type 1 diabetes are not only at significantly higher risk of having the condition itself, but are also at greater risk of being overweight and developing insulin resistance,” commented one of the study's co-authors, Anette-Gabriele Ziegler.

“We would therefore advise that paediatricians should bear this correlation in mind so that they can react on early warning signs in such children.”

Type 1 diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder in childhood, with previous research showing that children of parents with type 1 diabetes are at much higher risk of developing the disease than those whose parents don't have the condition.

Previous studies have also suggested that children of mothers with type 1 diabetes have a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome, possibly due to the intermittent high blood glucose levels in the uterus having a long-term effect on the child's metabolism and body weight, explained the researchers.

The results were published online in the journal Diabetologia.

ADVERTISEMENT




POST A COMMENT

HOUSE RULES

1. We welcome reader comments on the top stories of the day. Some comments may be republished on the website or in the newspaper � email addresses will not be published.

2. Please understand that comments are moderated and it is not always possible to publish all that have been submitted. We will, however, try to publish comments that are representative of all received.

3. We ask that comments are civil and free of libellous or hateful material. Also please stick to the topic under discussion.

4. Please do not write in block capitals since this makes your comment hard to read.

5. Please don't use the comments to advertise. However, our advertising department can be more than accommodating if emailed: advertising@jamaicaobserver.com.

6. If readers wish to report offensive comments, suggest a correction or share a story then please email: community@jamaicaobserver.com.

7. Lastly, read our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy



comments powered by Disqus
ADVERTISEMENT

Poll

ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT

Today's Cartoon

Click image to view full size editorial cartoon
ADVERTISEMENT