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Merkel braves angry protesters in Greece

Tough path is worth it, says German Chancellor

Wednesday, October 10, 2012    

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ATHENS, Greece — GERMAN Chancellor Angela Merkel told Greece yesterday that the "tough path" of painful spending cuts will pay off, as tens of thousands of protesters massed in the capital in a

show of anger against her visit to the eurozone's most indebted nation.

Police fired tear gas to disperse protesters attempting to storm a barricade just blocks away from where Merkel was meeting with Greek Prime Minister Antonio Samaras, while small gangs of

masked youths threw bottles at riot police.

While the German leader hailed the progress of reforms undertaken by Athens, 30,000 protesters brandishing banners reading "You are not welcome, Imperialisten Raus" (Imperialists out) or "No to the Fourth Reich" vented their anger against the budgetary discipline preached by the German leader.

Two Nazi flags were draped on a steel barricade near parliament and set on fire.

Vilified for the punishing spending cuts imposed in recession-hit Greece, Merkel, the leader of Europe's paymaster, is on her first visit to the country since the eurozone debt crisis erupted almost three years ago.

Merkel has become a hate figure in Greece over the tough spending cuts imposed on the country in return for promised loans and debt relief worth

about 347 billion euros

(US$448 billion).

She has even been depicted as Adolf Hitler in Greek

tabloid caricatures.

On her first visit to Greece in five years, Merkel said: "I am deeply convinced that this tough path is worth it and Germany wants to be a good partner.

"A lot has been achieved. There is still a lot to do and Germany and Greece will work very closely together.

"These problems cannot be solved with one wave of a magic wand or one measure...it will be a long way but I believe that we will see light at the end of the tunnel," Merkel said.

Samaras, a conservative who took office after elections in June, responded: "Greece is determined to keep its promises and overcome the crisis... the Greek people are bleeding right now, but they are determined

to win the battle of competitiveness."

Merkel's visit comes at a crucial time for Athens, which is locked in negotiations with its international creditors over a 13.5-billion-euro package of further cuts in order to win further bailout funds.

Berlin and Athens have both sought to sell Merkel's visit as a gesture of solidarity and encouragement for Greece's reform efforts, but many Greeks said the trip only served to fan anger.

The belt-tightening has forced Greece into its fifth year of recession, with contraction of 3.8 per cent forecasted for 2013.

About one in five people are unemployed in the country, and many of those who still have jobs have had their pay slashed.

Christina Vassilopoulou, a 37-year-old teacher, said she had turned up to protest "the decisions taken at European meetings where Merkel manipulates the participants".

"I have a doctorate and I make 900 euros a month, 400 less than before. We have children that go hungry and most of the parents are unemployed," she said.

Athina Kefala, a 57-year-old unemployed actress, complained that "the middle class and the newly impoverished are paying the country's debt.

"We are living an economic illusion with virtual money,

and as a result we have nothing," she said.

Online hackers group Anonymous said it had attacked a number of Greek government sites.

"We, as Anonymous, are next to the Greeks claiming their freedom. We are next to a people who have fought against the German occupying forces," it said.

Vana Koronaiou, a shop owner selling German-made handbags near Syntagma Square, said: "This visit pours oil on the fire.

"If she wanted to help, she should have done it sooner," she told AFP.

The German chancellor is also scheduled to meet President Carolos Papoulias and a delegation of Greek and German businessmen before departing in the evening.

Shortly before her arrival, Greece's international creditors — the International Monetary Fund, the European Union and the European Central Bank — piled further pressure on Athens to live up to its austerity pledges made in exchange for crucial loans.

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