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HIV/AIDS stigma and ganja use debates in Caricom

ANALYSIS

RICKEY SINGH

Sunday, June 29, 2014    

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AS Caribbean Community heads of government finalise arrangements for their participation in this week's four-day summit in Antigua, a senior American diplomat and a Jamaica-based non-government organisation have come forward with surprising positions on two different issues of much importance to the regional economic integration movement.

First, there was the statement last week by US Assistant Secretary at the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, William Brownfield, that there has been "no consultation" between his Government and Caricom that member states of the community were moving to change their laws to decriminalise possession of small quantities of marijuana for personal use.

Subsequently followed a complaint from the Jamaica Coalition for a Healthy Society (JCHS) against the declared intention of Caricom governments repealing laws that discriminate against and criminalise persons in consensual same-sex acts between adults.

The troubling dimension for the JCHS, as it said, was a recent press statement from the Caricom Secretariat that the community's heads of government would be considering at their 35th summit this week various recommendations for action on the elimination of HIV-related stigma and discrimination. The recommendations originated with the community's Pan-Caribbean Partnership Against HIV/AIDS Justice For All project.

In the reasoning of the JCHS, this announced decision by Caricom to take action on the PANCAP recommendations would be an imposition that would "fundamentally re-order society". Further, that implementation of the recommendations would be "contrary to the Caricom Charter of Civil Society".

As independent observers would note, whatever the merits of the coalition's case against Caricom leaders taking action on the PANCAP recommendations, it should be borne in mind that though warmly welcomed 17 years ago, the Charter of Civil Society has, most regrettably, no legal status.

The charter remains, at best, an inspiring, encouraging 'Declaration'. However, as of this week, when Caricom leaders meet for their 35th regular summit, hosted by Antigua and Barbuda's first-time Prime Minister Gaston Browne, not a single government of the 15-member community had tabled legislation to give the Charter of Civil Society legal status.

Perhaps the JCHS, as well as groups and organisations across this region committed to the promotion and defence of human rights and human development, could stir action on this front while negotiating their particular concerns over the implementation of PANCAP's recommendations in dealing with the HIV/AIDS problems.

Marijuana challenges

In relation to the claimed "lack of consultation" on Caricom's intent to decriminalise possession of small quantities of marijuana for personal use, a simple truth needs to be appreciated, and not only by the US Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, but by all regional and extra-regional partners of the Caribbean Community.

That truth is that the proposed initiative by the region's governments is a work in progress, and they are not yet ready to present a collective plan for discussion/consultation with any foreign partner state or regional agency, institution, or organisation.

Just last week, the prime minister of St Lucia, Dr Kenny Anthony, former head of legal affairs at the Community Secretariat in Georgetown, made the very relevant observation that "the movement of (Caricom) citizens within the region makes it difficult to deal with the decriminalisation of marijuana on an individual (country) basis. Therefore, I believe that the issue must be dealt with on the regional level".

Outgoing chairman of Caricom, Prime Minister Dr Ralph Gonsalves of St Vincent and the Grenadines, fully embraces the necessity for a "regional approach" on what he recognises as a sensitive issue that cannot be ignored.

In this context, the Vincentian prime minister, who hands over chairmanship of the Community tomorrow to new Prime Minister Browne in Antigua, stressed that "no proper consultation" could have taken place with any representative of the US Government, since Caricom heads of government have not yet determined the approaches to be collectively pursued on decriminalising possession and use of marijuana.

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