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This Day in History — October 23

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

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Today is the 296th day of 2018. There are 69 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

1996: A historian reveals that the Swiss bank accounts of presumed Holocaust victims were used to settle Switzerland's post-war compensation disputes with Poland and Hungary.

OTHER EVENTS

1641: Great Irish Massacre occurs after discovery of conspiracy against British.

1944: Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.

1953: Federal Constitution of Rhodesia and Nyasaland goes into effect.

1954: Britain, France, United States and Soviet Union agree to end occupation of Germany.

1962: Soviet Union warns that a US blockade of arms shipments to Cuba may risk a thermonuclear war.

1969: Laotian officials report that fresh North Vietnamese troops have reached the Plaine des Jarres and clashed with government troops on their border.

1983: Suicide attackers blow up US Marine headquarters building at Beirut Airport, Lebanon, and nearby French headquarters with bomb-laden trucks, killing 241 US Marines and 58 Frenchmen.

1988: Long-awaited Soviet election reform calls for choice of candidates but limits sharply what they can advocate.

1989: Tens of thousands of Hungarians demand end to communism on anniversary of 1956 uprising.

1991: The four warring factions in Cambodia sign a peace treaty in Paris paving the way for the return of refugees and democratic elections.

1992: US President George H W Bush announces the Vietnamese Government will turn over all documents, photographs and personal effects of US personnel it collected in the Vietnam War.

1994: A Tamil rebel suicide bomber at an election rally in Colombo, Sri Lanka, kills at least 50 people, including Gamini Dissanayake, Opposition candidate for president.

1995: After a meeting in New York, Russian President Boris Yeltsin announces accord with US President Bill Clinton that Russian troops will help enforce peace in Bosnia.

1997: South Africa's Nelson Mandela receives a hero's welcome in Libya, and calls for the United Nations to lift sanctions that are harming “our African brothers and sisters”.

1998: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat agree on a breakthrough land-for-peace West Bank accord, after eight days of negotiations in the United States.

1999: Illinois's George Ryan pays the first visit to communist Cuba by a US governor since Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution, declaring he has come “to build bridges between people”.

2001: Indonesia's Parliament passes a Bill granting the rebellious province of Irian Jaya sweeping autonomy, a greater share of resource revenues, and a new name — Papua.

2002: British police detain Abu Qatada, a fugitive Muslim cleric who allegedly was an influential supporter of the al-Qaeda terrorist network.

2005: Hurricane Wilma punishes Mexico's Caribbean coastline for a second day, ripping away storefronts, peeling back roofs, and forcing tourists and residents trapped in hotels and shelters to scramble to higher floors. At least seven people are killed.

2006: Police in Hungary fire tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons to disperse protesters in anti-government demonstrations, coinciding with the nation's commemoration of the 50th anniversary of its uprising against Soviet rule.

2007: NASA's space shuttle Discovery and a crew of seven rocket into orbit in pursuit of the international space station, where a formidable construction job awaits them.

2008: A Paris court convicts nine people of charges linked to financing and associating with a terror group, including Safe Bourada, a French-Algerian who admitted forming an Islamic group that called for armed jihad in France.

2010: Barbados Prime Minister David Thompson dies of pancreatic cancer.

2011: Cries of panic and horror fill the air as a 7.2-magnitude earthquake strikes eastern Turkey, killing at least 138 people as buildings pancaked and crumpled into rubble. The death toll was expected to rise as rescuers sifted through the rubble and reached outlying villages.

2012: US oil output surges so fast that the United States could soon overtake Saudi Arabia as the world's biggest producer.

2013: German Chancellor Angela Merkel complains to President Barack Obama after learning that US intelligence may have targeted her mobile phone.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader (1844-1885); Johnny Carson, former US Tonight Show host (1925-2005); Pele, Brazilian soccer star (1940- ); Michael Crichton, US author (1942-2008); Ang Lee, Taiwanese film director (1954- ); Weird Al Yankovic, US musical parodist (1959- ).

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