This Day in History— December 10

This Day in History— December 10

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

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Today is the 344 day of 2019. There are 21 days left in the year.


1948: UN General Assembly in Paris unanimously adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Six members of the Soviet bloc, Saudi Arabia and South Africa abstain.



1520: Martin Luther publicly burns the papal edict demanding that he recant or face excommunication from the Roman Catholic church.

1719: The first recorded sighting of the Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) takes place in New England.

1810: France's Napoleon Bonaparte annexes northern Hanover, Bremen, Hamburg, Lauenburg and Lubeck, Germany.

1898: The Treaty of Paris between US and Spain ends the Spanish-American War with Spain ceding Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the US for US$20 million.

1906: US President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for helping mediate an end to the Russo-Japanese War.

1931: Jane Addams becomes a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, the first American woman so honoured.

1936: King Edward VIII of Britain abdicates with the intention of marrying American divorcee Wallis Simpson. His brother, the Duke of York, becomes King George VI.

1950: UN Mideast peace mediator Ralph J Bunche is presented the Nobel Peace Prize, the first black American to receive the award.

1958: The first domestic passenger jet flight takes place in the US as a National Airlines Boeing 707 flies 111 passengers from New York City to Miami.

1963: Zanzibar becomes independent within the Commonwealth.

1964: Dr Martin Luther King Jr receives the Nobel Peace Prize.

1967: World's first commercial thermonuclear blast take place in the US state of New Mexico, to give access to natural gas from underground deposits.

1980: Milton Obote is sworn in as Uganda's president, becoming the first African president ousted in a military coup to recapture the presidency. He was ousted by the army for the second time in 1985.

1983: Democracy returns after seven years of dictatorship in Argentina as Raul Alfonsin is sworn in as president.

1988: Chinese troops shoot into crowds of Tibetans demonstrating in Lhasa for human rights.

1992: Troops open fire on a truckload of Somalis who barrel through a French checkpoint, killing two and injuring seven in the first bloodshed of the US-led military mission in Somalia.

1993: African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela says he and President F W de Klerk are bound by the Nobel Peace Prize they accepted to spend the rest of their lives building a democratic, non-racial South Africa.

1996: South African President Nelson Mandela signs a constitution guaranteeing equal rights to all races.

2001: US authorities charge a California bus company with illegally transporting tens of thousands of undocumented aliens across the US-Mexico border.

2007: Cristina Fernandez is sworn in as Argentina's first elected female president.

2008: Britain's obsession with reality television reaches new heights with the broadcast of the assisted suicide of a 59-year-old terminally ill American at a Swiss clinic.

2009: President Barack Obama accepts the Nobel Peace Prize, offering a striking defence of war at the same time as he makes an impassioned case for building a “just and lasting peace”.

2011: Tens of thousands of people hold the largest anti-Government protests that post-Soviet Russia has ever seen to criticise electoral fraud and demand an end to Vladimir Putin's rule.

2013: World leaders and well-wishers gather in the 95,000-capacity FNB Stadium in Soweto Township near Johannesburg, South Africa, to pay last respects to world icon Nelson Mandela.



Cesar Franck, Belgian composer (1822-1890); Emily Dickinson, US poet (1830-1886); Melvil Dewey, US librarian/inventor of the Dewey Decimal System (1851-1931); Mary Norton, English children's author (1903-1992); Susan Dey, US actress (1952-); Kenneth Branagh, British actor (1960- ); Michael Manley , former jamaican prime minister (1924-1997)

— AP

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