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This Day in History — December 3

Wednesday, January 03, 2018

Today is the third day of 2018. There are 362 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

2003: Street protests turn deadly in Caracas, Venezuela, as police struggle in vain to separate battling supporters and opponents of President Hugo Chavez. At least two people are shot to death and 78 others injured.

 

OTHER EVENTS

1521: Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.

1868: The Meiji Restoration re-establishes the authority of Japan's emperor and heralds the fall of the military rulers known as shoguns.

1896: Anglo-German relations reach crisis over German support to Transvaal leaders.

1915: Rebellion breaks out in Albania.

1921: First Indian Parliament meets.

1938: The March of Dimes campaign to fight polio is organised in the United States.

1961: United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba.

1962: Indonesia's President Sukarno proclaims West New Guinea an independent province.

1974: Kuwait reaches agreement with Gulf Oil and British Petroleum companies for 60 per cent takeover in Gulf state.

1977: International Monetary Fund gives largest loan in its 30-year history — almost US$4 billion — to Britain to bolster the country's currency. Apple Computer is incorporated in Cupertino, California, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Mike Makkula Jr.

1985: Israel reluctantly concedes it mounted an airlift recently to relocate large numbers of Ethiopian Jews from the famine-wracked country to Israel.

1990: Ousted Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrenders to US forces, 10 days after taking refuge in the Vatican's diplomatic mission.

1993: US President George H W Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign an arms control treaty to reduce nuclear weapons by two-thirds.

2008: Illinois Senator Barack Obama wins Democratic caucuses in Iowa, while Mike Huckabee wins the Republican caucuses.

2012: The Taliban announce that they will open an office in the Persian Gulf nation of Qatar to hold talks with the United States, an unprecedented step toward a peace process that might lead to a winding down of the 10-year war in Afghanistan.

2013: An American drone strike in Pakistan kills a top Taliban commander who sent money and fighters to battle the US in Afghanistan but had a truce with the Pakistani military.

 

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian musician (1710-1736); David W Griffith, pioneer US film producer (1875-1948); J R R (John Ronald Reuel) Tolkien, British fantasy writer (1892-1973); Victor Borge, Danish pianist-humorist (1909-2000); John Paul Jones, English bassist with rock group Led Zeppelin (1946- ); Mel Gibson, US-Australian actor (1951- )

— AP