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This Day In History — November 12

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

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Today is the 316th day of 2019. There are 49 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

2011: A chorus of Handel's Alleluia rings out as Silvio Berlusconi resigns as Italian premier, ending a tumultuous 17-year political era and setting in motion a transition aimed at bringing the country back from the brink of economic crisis.

OTHER EVENTS

1554: Britain's Parliament re-establishes Roman Catholicism.

1603: Sir Walter Raleigh's high treason trial opens in Winchester, England.

1812: Napoleon Bonaparte's army reaches Russian city of Smolensk in retreat from Moscow.

1927: Leon Trotsky is expelled from Communist Party in Russia, and Josef Stalin becomes its undisputed ruler.

1933: Nazis dominate German elections.

1937: Japanese troops occupy Chinese city of Shanghai.

1944: The Tirpitz, the last of the major German battleships, is sunk by British bombers.

1948: Japan's former Premier Hideki Tojo and other Japanese World War II leaders are sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.

1954: Ellis Island closes after processing more than 20 million immigrants since opening in New York Harbour in 1892.

1955: The first 101 soldiers and officers are named by Defense Minister Theodor Blank for West Germany's new post-war armed forces, the Bundeswehr.

1962: Guam, in the Pacific, is devastated by a typhoon.

1965: UN Security Council calls on all nations to refuse recognition to Rhodesia after it unilaterally declares independence from Britain.

1970: The worst rainy season in Colombia in 40 years kills as many as 500 people, with more than a thousand others missing and 30,000-60,000 people homeless.

1987: The American Medical Association issues a policy statement saying it is unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person has AIDS or is HIV-positive.

1990: Emperor Akihito ascends the throne in Japan.

1991: Troops in East Timor fire on pro-independence demonstrators, killing dozens.

1993: Pop star Michael Jackson cancels world tour, citing painkiller addiction.

1994: A million people march in Rome to protest Government austerity measures.

1995: Britain ends arms sales to Nigeria.

1996: A Saudi jumbo jet collides shortly after takeoff from New Delhi with a Kazak airliner making its landing approach, killing 349 people.

1997: Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 bombing of New York's World Trade Center.

1999: Four members of the banned Falun Gong meditation movement are convicted and sentenced to 12 years in prison in China.

2002: In an audiotaped message aired across the Arab world, a voice purported to be that of Osama bin Laden praises terrorist strikes in Bali, Indonesia, and Moscow and warns US allies against following the “oppressive American Government” in the war against terror.

2005: Police clash with some 2,000 neo-Nazis outside of Germany's largest World War II soldiers' cemetery where the extremists had hoped to stage a demonstration in honour of the Nazi soldiers.

2008: Britain is facing a sperm donor shortage after reversing confidentiality laws and limiting the number of women who can use sperm from one donor, fertility experts warn.

2009: US Government prosecutors take steps to seize four US mosques and a New York skyscraper owned by a non-profit Muslim organisation long suspected of being secretly controlled by the Iranian Government.

2010: Supporters of Myanmar's pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi hold a vigil on the eve of expiration of her house arrest order, hoping to see the Nobel Peace Prize laureate taste freedom for the first time in seven years.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (1840-1917); Dr Sun Yat-Sen, founder of Chinese Republic (1866-1926); Princess Grace of Monaco (1929-1982); Kim Hunter, US actress (1922-2002); Neil Young, Canadian singer/musician (1945- ); Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast (1961- ); Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor (1980- ); Anne Hathaway, US actress (1982- )

— AP


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