Trump left 'no choice'

Trump left 'no choice'

Democrats unveil impeachment charges

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

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WASHINGTON DC, United States (AP) — House Democrats announced two articles of impeachment against President Donald Trump yesterday, declaring his actions toward Ukraine “betrayed the nation” as they pushed toward historic proceedings that are certain to help define his presidency and shape the 2020 election.

The specific charges aimed at removing the 45th president of the US: Abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.

Speaker Nancy Pelosi, flanked by the chairmen of impeachment inquiry committees at the US Capitol, said they were upholding their solemn oath to defend the constitution. Trump responded angrily on Twitter: “WITCH HUNT!”

Voting is expected in a matter of days by the Judiciary Committee, and by Christmas in the full House. The charges, if approved, would then be sent to the Senate, where the Republican majority would be unlikely to convict Trump, but not without a potentially bitter trial just as voters in Iowa and other early presidential primary states begin making their choices.

In the formal articles, announced yesterday, the Democrats said Trump enlisted a foreign power in “corrupting” the US election process and endangered national security by asking Ukraine to investigate his political rivals, including Democrat Joe Biden, while withholding US military aid as leverage. That benefited Russia over the US as America's ally fought Russian aggression, the Democrats said.

Trump then obstructed Congress by ordering current and former officials to defy House subpoenas for testimony and by blocking access to documents, the charges say.

By his conduct Trump “demonstrated he will remain a threat to national security and the constitution if allowed to remain in office”, the nine-page impeachment resolution says.

“If we did not hold him accountable, he would continue to undermine our election,” Pelosi said later at a forum sponsored by Politico. “Nothing less is at stake than the central point of our democracy — a free and fair election.”

After decrying the Democrats' announcement Trump headed to Pennsylvania for a re-election campaign rally.

First, he tweeted that to impeach a president “who has done NOTHING wrong, is sheer Political Madness (sic)”.

The outcome, though, appears increasingly set as the House presses ahead toward impeachment, as it has done only three times in history against US presidents — an ultimate test of the nation's system of checks and balances.

Democrats said they had no choice but to act in what is now a strictly partisan undertaking, as Republicans stand with the president, because Trump has shown a pattern of behaviour that, if left unchecked, poses risks to the democratic process.

Rep Jerrold Nadler, D-NY, the judiciary chairman, said the president “holds the ultimate public trust. When he betrays that trust and puts himself before country, he endangers the constitution; he endangers our democracy; he endangers our national security”.

“No one, not even the president, is above the law,” he said, announcing the charges before a portrait of George Washington.

Chairman Adam Schiff of the Intelligence Committee said, “We stand here today because the president's abuse of power leaves us with no choice.”

Trump's allies immediately plunged into the fight that will extend into the new year. White House Press Secretary Stephanie Grisham said Democrats are trying to “overthrow” the Administration. Campaign Manager Brad Parscale said Democrats “don't have a viable candidate for 2020 and they know it”. The president's son, Eric, embraced his father's penchant for name calling, assailing Pelosi and “her swamp creatures”.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said he would be “totally surprised” if there were 67 votes in the chamber to convict Trump, and signalled options for a swift trial. He said no decision had been made whether to call witnesses.

In drafting the charges against the president, Pelosi faced a legal and political challenge of balancing the views of her majority while hitting the constitution's bar of “treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanours”.

Some liberal lawmakers wanted more expansive charges encompassing the findings from special counsel Robert Mueller's probe of Russian interference in the 2016 election. Centrist Democrats preferred to keep the impeachment articles more focused on Trump's actions toward Ukraine.

The final resolution, slim in length yet broad in concept, attempted to find common ground by linking the Ukraine inquiry to the Mueller probe in two separate lines, without specifically mentioning the Russia investigation.

It said the abuse of power was consistent with “previous invitations of foreign interference in United States elections”, while the obstruction charge was consistent with Trump's previous efforts to undermine “United States Government investigations into foreign interference”.

Democratic leaders say Trump put his political interests above those of the nation when he asked Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskiy, in a July phone call, to investigate his rivals, including Democrat Joe Biden, and then withheld US$400 million in military aid as the US ally faced an aggressive Russia. They say he then obstructed Congress by stonewalling the House investigation.

The articles say Trump “used the powers of the presidency in a manner that compromised the national security of the United States and undermined the integrity of the United States democratic process”.

The first article, on abuse of power, says Trump “corruptly” solicited Ukraine to investigate his political rivals.

The second article, obstruction of Congress, says that Trump directed defiance of the House's ability to conduct its legal oversight like no other president “in the history of the republic”.

Trump insisted in a new tweet that when he asked Ukraine's president “to do us a favour” with the investigations, “'us' is a reference to USA, not me!” Democrats, however, say Trump's meaning could not have been clearer in seeking political dirt on Biden, his possible opponent in the 2020 election.

Republicans stand with the president even if they don't fully address his actions. House GOP Leader Kevin McCarthy said the vote will be on impeachment not “whether a call is perfect”.

While the impeachment is focused on the Ukraine matter, Trump's actions towards Russia continue to underlie the debate. Yesterday Trump met at the White House with Sergey Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, just back from Paris efforts to revive peace talks with Ukraine.

At the same time, a top adviser to the Ukraine president, Andriy Yermak, disputed key impeachment testimony from US Ambassador Gordon Sondland, telling Time magazine the two did not speak of the investigations Trump wanted during a Warsaw meeting.

The next steps are expected to come swiftly after months of investigation into the Ukraine matter and special counsel Mueller's two-year Russia probe.

In his report, Mueller said he could not determine that Trump's campaign conspired or coordinated with Russia in the 2016 election. But he said he could not exonerate Trump of obstructing justice and left it for Congress to determine.

Even as she pushed ahead with the impeachment proceeding, Pelosi announced an agreement with the White House on a new US-Mexico-Canada trade deal, a top priority for the president as well as many centrist Democrats. It, too, could get a vote next week.

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