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Trump administration ramps up deportations to Cuba

Friday, October 11, 2019

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MIAMI, Florida (AP) — After seeking asylum in the United States at the Mexican border, Pablo Sanchez was placed in a detention centre and is now facing what has become an increasingly common scenario under President Donald Trump: deportation to Cuba.

Since the end of the Obama administration, the number of Cubans deported from the US has increased more than tenfold to more than 800 in the past year as the Trump administration enforces a new policy inked just days before it took over. It is also imposing its own sharp limits on who is eligible for asylum. That's an unwelcome development for growing numbers of asylum-seeking Cubans who had long benefitted from a generous US approach and their government's unwillingness to take its people back.

For decades, Cubans fleeing the communist-governed island had for the most part enjoyed unique privileges. Even after the cold war ended, they were given a certain path to legal residence once they touched US soil through the policy known as "wet foot, dry foot".

But an agreement reached during the final days of the Obama administration ended that and required Cuba to take back citizens who receive deportation orders going forward and consider on a case-by-case basis the return of the thousands of other Cubans who had received such orders over the decades but remained in the US because their country wouldn't take them back.

Since Trump took office, more Cubans arriving at the US-Mexico border have encountered new limits, including a policy introduced last month that denies protection to asylum seekers who have passed through another country before reaching Mexico and have not sought asylum there.

Despite the new agreement, Cuba remains reluctant to take its people back, and is one of 10 countries that the US government labels "recalcitrant." That makes it difficult for the administration to enforce its aggressive measures against asylum — and leaves many Cubans in limbo.

Many, like Sanchez, are baffled by their predicament.

Sanchez is married to Barbara Rodriguez, a naturalised US citizen who lives in Miami, but was unable to apply for a visa in Cuba to join his wife in the US because the Trump administration pulled most of its embassy staff out, outsourcing family-related visa petitions to consular services in Colombia or Guyana. Rodriguez claims Sanchez was facing increasing political persecution after having brushes with local authorities over such episodes as damaging a referendum ballot as a sign of protest.

The couple agreed he had to get out of Cuba, saying they had learned he was being investigated and could face jail time. Feeling they had no time to waste — and with no visa services available in Cuba — Sanchez travelled to Nicaragua and through Mexico to seek asylum in the US, at a port of entry where authorities detained him and later sent him to Immigration and Customs Enforcement for long-term custody.

"This is plain cruel, despite arriving in this country and demonstrating that you are persecuted and that you have credible fear. After all, this gets thrown away," said his wife, Rodriguez, who talks to Sanchez on the phone daily. "The worse thing is that now I feel all that is left for him is deportation."

It is unclear how the Cuban government treats people who are deported from the U.S., but rights advocates and lawyers say they could face retaliation for claiming asylum, especially those who claimed they were being persecuted. By contrast, deportees to Mexico and Central American countries typically get a warm welcome home.

Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla told The Associated Press the increase in deportations stems from the country "diligently fulfilling its commitments" outlined in the accord with the Obama administration, but at the same time he blasted the US for cutting consular services in Havana.

"It is a shame to politicise the human bond between people and between nations," he said.


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