US joblessness spikes as virus takes toll on businesses

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US joblessness spikes as virus takes toll on businesses

Thursday, March 26, 2020

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WASHINGTON, United States (AFP) - With streets in major cities empty, and shops and restaurants forced to close due to the coronavirus pandemic, there was a record explosion of Americans filing for unemployment benefits.

A staggering 3.3 million workers filed claims in the week ending March 21, the highest ever recorded, theLabor Department said Thursday, in a report that laid bare the devastating impact of the health crisis on the US economy.

The data lend credence to warnings that the overall US unemployment rate will likely spike into the double digits, although that may not be immediately apparent in the March figures given the way the rate is calculated.

"I've been writing about the US economy every day since 1996, and this is the single worst data point I've ever seen, by far," said Ian Shepherdson of Pantheon Macroeconomics, who correctly forecast initial jobless claims would pass the three million mark.

The figure far surpasses the previous record of 695,000 set in October 1982.

Nearly every state cited COVID-19 for the jump in initial jobless claims, with heavy impacts in food services, accommodation, entertainment and recreation, healthcare and transportation, the Labor Department report said.

Economists are projecting the pandemic-induced shutdowns could lead to a staggering 14 percent contraction of the US economy.

The Conference Board on Wednesday said unemployment could rise to as high as 15 percent later this year -- far beyond the 10 per cent peak hit in October 2009 during the global financial crisis.


Gregory Daco of Oxford Economics said the outlook is grim: "The US economy will experience the largest economic contraction on record with the most severe surge in unemployment ever."

Warning of a "rough quarter ahead," White House economic advisor Larry Kudlow said he was "not surprised by the data."

"Everybody knew we were gonna take a big hit," he said, adding it may be "weeks or months" before the economy returns to its former state.

However, Wall Street shrugged off the figures, with the Dow rallying for a third straight day to close up 6.2 per cent after the Senate late on Wednesday passed a massive stimulus bill.

The US$2.2 trillion economic rescue package includes an unprecedented expansion in unemployment benefits to try to cushion the blow until the pandemic is under control -- and businesses can reopen.

The proposal would increase weekly payments by US$600 and expand them to more workers who were ineligible before, including those who are self-employed or work in the gig economy, which could amount to more than 15 million.

The House of Representatives is expected to vote on the measure on Friday,and President Donald Trump has pledged to sign it quickly.

The bill "protects all American workers," Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said Thursday on CNBC, calling on lawmakers to pass it quickly -- and do so unanimously.

"The American workers and American public and American business, they need the money now. So this is not the time to debate a bill that passed with every single vote."

The package also provides cash payments of US$1,200 for many Americans, and grants to small- and medium-sized businesses, as well as huge amounts for major industries like airlines that have been hit hard by the crisis.

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