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Development milestones

Wednesday, April 23, 2014    

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For the most part, your baby should be able to do certain things at a certain age, and it's important that he/she is meeting development milestones. Some children will be slower, some will be faster, but there are certain basic guidelines — what most children can do at a certain age — used by doctors that will guide both doctor and parent on the child's progress.

Talk with your doctor if your child isn't meeting some of the milestones below.

By the end of month 2

* Begins to smile at people

* Tries to look at parent

* Coos, makes gurgling sounds

* Turns head toward sounds

* Pays attention to faces, begins to follow things with eyes

* Can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummy.

By the end of four months

* Smiles spontaneously, especially at people

* Copies some movements and facial expressions, like smiling or frowning

* Babbles with expression and copies sounds he hears

* Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain, or being tired

* Responds to affection

* Uses hands and eyes together, such as seeing a toy and reaching for it.

By the end of six months

* Knows familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger

* Responds to other people's emotions and often seems happy

* Responds to sounds by making sounds

* Responds to own name

* Shows curiosity about things and tries to get things that are out of reach

* Begins to pass things from one hand to the other

* Rolls over in both directions (front to back, back to front)

* Begins to sit without support.

By the end of nine months

* Makes a lot of different sounds like "mamamama" and "bababababa"

* Copies sounds and gestures of others

* Plays peek-a-boo

* Moves things smoothly from one hand to the other

* Picks up things like cereal o's between thumb and index finger

* Stands, holding on

* Sits without support.

By age 1

* Has favourite things and people

* Repeats sounds or actions to get attention

* Responds to simple spoken requests

* Uses simple gestures, like shaking head "no" or waving "bye-bye"

* Says "mama" and "dada" and exclamations like "uh-oh!"

* Explores things in different ways, like shaking, banging, throwing

* Looks at the right picture or thing when it's named

* Starts to use things correctly; for example, drinks from a cup, brushes hair.

By age 2

* Copies others, especially adults and older children

* Shows defiant behaviour (doing what he has been told not to)

* Points to things or pictures when they are named

* Knows names of familiar people and body parts

* Says sentences with two to four words

* Begins to sort shapes and colours

* Follows two-step instructions such as "Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet."

By age 3

* Shows affection for friends without prompting

* Takes turns in games

* Shows concern for crying friend

* Understands the idea of "mine" and "his" or "hers"

* Dresses and undresses self

* Says first name, age, and sex

* Talks well enough for strangers to understand most of the time

* Carries on a conversation using two to three sentences

* Does puzzles with three or four pieces

* Runs easily.






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