The first place a child learns language is at home. Communication begins even in the womb, when mom will read or talk to the unborn child, who will respond with kicks.
The communication then moves to mom responding to baby's gurgles after birth, and when the child starts talking, he will respond to mom's spoken words and even her body language.
You need to ensure that you constantly talk to and communicate with your baby, so his vocabulary grows.
It's very important not to use baby talk when addressing your baby, no matter how young
Here are some tips for developing language skills in your baby.
1. If the child spends all his hours hearing patois, that is the dominant language he is going to speak. Don't expect your child to speak standard English if the only discourse in your home is expletive-filled patois. For a child who grows up speaking patois, English is a foreign language. Therefore you have to let your child know the difference between standard English and patois.
2. It is thought that communication between parent and child begins in the womb when the child begins to move. Some mothers will communicate with their unborn children by playing music that soothes them.
3. Dr Pauline Milbourn, clinical psychologist, says a communication base should be firmly in place even before the child begins to talk; for example, when the baby coos the parent should respond and vice versa. Communication is heightened, Milbourn said, when the caregiver looks adoringly at the baby who smiles or gurgles in return.
4. Children have a point of view and are entitled to express themselves. Don't speak down to your child, don't encourage the mantra that children should be seen and not heard. Allow the child to articulate his position.
5. Actively listening to one's child, Milbourn said, is very important. Communication is also enhanced by affection, touching and hugging.