All Woman

Your pregnancy: deep vein thrombosis

Wednesday, March 26, 2014    

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition in which a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain, but often occurs without any symptoms.

Deep vein thrombosis can develop if you're sitting still for a long time, such as when travelling by plane or car, or if you have certain medical conditions that affect how your blood clots.

Deep vein thrombosis is a serious condition because a blood clot that has formed in your vein can break loose, travel through your bloodstream and lodge in your lungs, blocking blood flow (pulmonary embolism).

In about half of all cases, deep vein thrombosis occurs without any noticeable symptoms.

When deep vein thrombosis symptoms occur, they can include:

* Swelling in the affected leg, including swelling in your ankle and foot.

* Pain in your leg; this can include pain in your ankle and foot. The pain often starts in your calf and can feel like cramping or a charley horse.

* Warmth over the affected area.

* Changes in your skin colour, such as turning pale, red or blue.

If you develop signs or symptoms of deep vein thrombosis, contact your doctor for guidance.

If you develop signs or symptoms of a pulmonary embolism — a life-threatening complication of deep vein thrombosis — seek medical attention immediately.

The warning signs of a pulmonary embolism include:

* Unexplained sudden onset of shortness of breath

* Chest pain or discomfort that worsens when you take a deep breath or when you cough

* Feeling lightheaded or dizzy, or fainting

* Rapid pulse

* Sweating

* Coughing up blood

* A sense of anxiety or nervousness.

— Mayo Clinic

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