Your pregnancy: dental health
Some pregnant women suffer from swollen, tender gums that bleed when they floss or brush. This is also caused by higher progesterone levels, which make the gums react more to the bacteria in plaque, and causes an increased blood supply to the mouth. This is said to affect about half of the pregnant population.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also aggravate existing gingivitis, which typically worsens between the second to eighth months of pregnancy. Periodontal disease can increase the risk of delivery of preterm low birth weight babies.
Other possible dental health problems during pregnancy include tooth decay and loose teeth. During pregnancy, increased acidity in the mouth increases the risk of tooth decay. Vomiting during pregnancy can aggravate the problem by exposing the teeth to more gastric acid.
And increased levels of progesterone and estrogen can affect the ligaments and bones that support the teeth, causing teeth to loosen during pregnancy - even in the absence of gum disease.
It is, therefore, very important for pregnant women to visit a dentist.
They should also brush and floss regularly and rinse with a fluoride mouthwash.
Ideally, women should schedule a dental exam before pregnancy to treat any dental problems ahead of time. Also visit your dentist regularly during pregnancy.
— Some information from the Mayo Clinic.