MERUNGLUA, Bangladesh (AP) — Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's government is blaming Islamic radicals and opposition activists for attacks over the weekend on minority Buddhists and their temples in southern Bangladesh.
"In primary investigations, we have found that organised radical Islamic groups attacked the houses and places of worship," Home Minister Mohiudddin Khan Alamgir told reporters after a visit to the scene on Sunday. "Activists of the opposition parties were also among the attacks."
Alamgir accused local opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party lawmaker Lutfar Rahman Kajal of instigating the attack, a charge denied by the opposition legislator.
Hundreds of Buddhists fled their southern Bangladesh villages in the wake of attacks by Muslims who burned at least 10 Buddhist temples and 40 homes in anger over a Facebook photo of a burned Quran.
The Buddhists started returning home yesterday amid heightened security and more than 160 arrests.
Mahmud Ali, a local reporter in southern Ramu where the violence occurred, said some local villagers blamed minority Rohingya Muslims for the violence, but the minister made no comment on this allegation.
"We will find the culprits as soon as possible," he said during the visit when he talked to affected Buddhists.
In another development, main opposition BNP leader Khaleda Zia in a statement yesterday accused the government administration of failing to protect the minority Buddhists.
She said she feared that the government may use the violence as an excuse to crack down on the opposition.
"There may be a well-planned ill motive behind the incidents," she said.
No new violence was reported yesterday.
Army soldiers, paramilitary border guards and police were deployed, and the government has banned all public gatherings in the troubled areas near the southern border with Myanmar, said Lieutenant Colonel Jaed Hossain, a military commander who was helping to install tents for displaced Buddhists.
"They are coming back. We are giving them protection," Hossain said at Merunglua village in the coastal district of Cox's Bazar yesterday.
Home Minister Mohiuddin Khan Alamgir told reporters in Dhaka on Monday that security officials detained 166 people in Cox's Bazar and neighbouring Chittagong district in connection with the attacks.
Hossain said about 1,000 Buddhist families fled their homes after the attacks were launched late Saturday. As the unrest continued through early Sunday, many Buddhist-owned homes and shops were looted. Nojibul Islam, a Cox's Bazar police chief, said at least 20 people were injured.
Many in the impoverished neighborhood of Merunglua lost everything.
"I was in my shop. They suddenly came and set my shop on fire," grocery owner Prodip Barua told The Associated Press. "I started running and took my two children and wife from my home and fled the area."
He knew his shop had been burned to ashes, but when he returned Monday he was shocked to see that his home was also destroyed.
"How will I survive now? How will I send my children to schools?" he sobbed. "I have lost everything."
The government has pledged to rebuild the victims' homes.
Home Minister Alamgir said after visiting the area that the affected people would get security and support from the government.
The attacks began after a photo of a burned copy of the Muslim holy book was posted on Facebook. The rioters blamed the photo on a 25-year-old local Buddhist, though it was not immediately clear if he actually posted the photo.
Only about 300,000 Bangladeshis, or about 0.2 percent of the country's 150 million people, are Facebook users.
Bangladesh's English-language Daily Star newspaper quoted the man blamed for the photos as saying that someone else mistakenly tagged it on his Facebook profile. The newspaper reported that soon after the violence started, the man's Facebook account was closed and police escorted him and his mother to safety.
Joinul Bari, chief government administrator in Cox's Bazar, said authorities detained the man's parents and were investigating.
Buddhists make up less than 1 percent of Muslim-majority Bangladesh, but followers of the two religions usually coexist peacefully. Some of the Buddhist families displaced by the attacks took shelter at the homes of Muslim neighbors, and on Monday, many Muslim families offered food to the victims.
The Bangladeshi violence follows protests that erupted in Muslim countries over the past month after a low-budget film produced by a U.S. citizen denigrated the Prophet Muhammad by portraying Islam's holiest figure as a fraud, womanizer and child molester.
Some two dozen demonstrators have been killed in protests that attacked symbols of U.S. and the West, including diplomatic compounds.