Merkel, Monti vow to protect eurozone
BERLIN, Germany (AP) — The German and Italian leaders have pledged to do everything to protect the eurozone, the German government said yesterday — further underlining European politicians' determination to get a grip on the continent's debt crisis, but again offering no details of any action.
Chancellor Angela Merkel and Premier Mario Monti spoke by phone Saturday and "agreed that Germany and Italy will do everything to protect the eurozone", German Government spokesman Georg Streiter said in a statement.
That was near-identical to the wording of a statement issued Friday by Merkel and French President Francois Hollande, which in turn came a day after Mario Draghi, president of the European Central Bank (ECB), said the ECB would do "whatever it takes" to preserve the euro.
None of the leaders have said anything about any specific action. But the comments raised expectations that the ECB might step in to buy Spanish and perhaps Italian Government bonds to lower the countries' borrowing costs, which have been worryingly high in recent weeks.
Another possibility might be for the eurozone's temporary rescue fund, the European Financial Stability Facility, to buy bonds — though Merkel's finance minister, Wolfgang Schaeuble, has dismissed talk Spain might apply to the fund for such help. He told the Welt am Sonntag newspaper that "there is nothing to this speculation".
Italy and Spain have the eurozone's third- and fourth-biggest economies respectively, behind Germany and France.
Merkel and Monti agreed that decisions made by last month's European Union summit "must be implemented as quickly as possible", Streiter said, again echoing Friday's Merkel-Hollande statement.
Those included allowing Europe's bailout fund — once a new, independent bank supervisor is set up — to give money directly to a country's banks, rather than via the Government. Countries that pledge to implement reforms demanded by the EU's executive commission also would be able to tap rescue funds without having to go through the kind of tough austerity measures demanded of Greece, Portugal and Ireland.
Merkel invited Monti to visit Berlin in the second half of August and he accepted the invitation, the German Government said.
The assurances come as concern flares again about Greece. International debt inspectors are scrutinising Greece's finances and its progress in implementing unpopular budget cuts and reforms demanded in exchange for the rescue loan programme that is keeping the country afloat.
Greek officials have called for more time to implement the measures, but patience among creditors is running short. If the inspectors' report, expected in September, is damning, Athens could stop receiving loans and face bankruptcy and an exit from the 17-nation euro.
"The aid programme is already very accommodating. I cannot see that there is still scope for further concessions," Germany's Schaeuble was quoted as telling Welt am Sonntag.
As part of its austerity efforts, Greece has achieved a remarkable reduction of its budget deficit from 15.8 per cent in 2009 to 9.1 per cent last year. However, the country is considerably off-target in other areas of reform.
Athens largely blames this on a deeper-than-anticipated recession. However, a political crisis sparked by fierce rivalry between Greece's main political parties stalled the reforms for three months, and a three-party coalition finally emerged in June after two inconclusive elections.
Schaeuble said that "the problem did not arise because of flaws in the (rescue) programme but because it was insufficiently implemented by Greece."
"It doesn't help to speculate now about more money or more time," he said.
Germany's vice chancellor, Economy Minister Philipp Roesler, openly questioned last week whether Greece would satisfy the conditions to receive further aid and said the prospect of a Greek exit from the euro has "lost its horror". He defended those comments in an interview broadcast yesterday.
"There can be no discounts on reforms," he told Deutschlandfunk radio. "And that means: no further payments if the reforms are not fulfilled."