Today’ s Highlight
1833: Slavery in the British West Indies is outlawed, but is doesn’t take effect until August 1, 1834 when the Apprenticeship system is instituted.
1833: British Parliament bans slavery throughout British Empire.
1879: British troops capture Cetywayo in Zulu War. 1910: Montenegro is proclaimed independent kingdom under Nicholas I.
1916: Italy's declaration of war against Germany takes effect during World War I.
1922: The first radio commercial in the US airs on WEAF in New York City. The 10-minute advertisement was for the Queensboro Realty Co, which paid a fee of US$100.
1974: Legendary bullfighter Manolete is mortally wounded by a bull during a fight in Linares, Spain. He dies the following day at age 30.
1963: Some 200,000 people participate in a civil rights rally in Washington, DC, where Dr Martin Luther King Jr delivered his I Have a Dream speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
1973: Earthquake hits area southwest of Mexico City, killing 500 people and injuring 1,000 others.
1981: John W Hinckley Jr pleads innocent to charges of attempting to kill US President Ronald Reagan. He is later acquitted by reason of insanity.
1986: Bolivian government imposes nationwide state of siege in response to march to La Paz by about 7,000 miners opposed to closing of mines.
1988: Seventy people are killed when three Italian stunt planes collide during an air show at the US Air Base in Ramstein, West Germany, sending flaming debris into a crowd of spectators.
1991: In an international tour, British Prime Minister John Major becomes the first Western leader to visit Moscow since the coup against President Mikhail Gorbachev and to visit China since the 1989 pro-democracy crackdown in Tiananmen Square.
1992: The first four planes carrying US food aid reach Balet Huen, Somalia, as hundreds cheer.
1993: Workers in Nigeria's key oil industry, air traffic controllers and others launch a strike in a bid to force out the military-backed government.
1996: The US denies black nationalist leader Louis Farrakhan permission to accept a promised US$1-billion gift from Libya to help American blacks economically and politically.
1997: Rival factions clash inside Venezuela's notorious El Dorado prison, leaving 29 prisoners dead and 13 inmates seriously injured.
1998: Gen Huseyin Kivrikoglu takes control of Turkey's armed forces, vowing to intensify the military's fight against radical Islam. 2000: More than four years after hooded military judges convict American Lori Berenson of planning a rebel attack, Peru's military overturns her life sentence and clears the way for a new, civilian trial.
2001: Women's rights groups protest the approval of a new law in Chihuahua, Mexico, which provides for reduced sentences for rapes that were "provoked" by the victim.
2005: A suicide bomber blows himself up outside a bus station in the Israeli city of Beersheba, critically wounding two security guards in the first attack since Israel began its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
2007: A devout Muslim, Abdullah Gull, 56, wins Turkey's presidency after months of confrontation with the secular establishment, promising to be impartial and praising the idea that Islam and the state should be separate.
2009: A coroner rules Michael Jackson's death was a homicide caused primarily by the powerful anesthetic propofol and another sedative, increasing the likelihood of criminal charges against the pop star's doctor.
2010: US and Afghan troops repel attackers wearing American uniforms and suicide vests in a pair of simultaneous assaults before dawn on NATO bases near the Pakistani border, including one where seven CIA employees died in a suicide attack last year.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet and philosopher (1749-1832); Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (1828-1910); Charles Boyer, French-born actor (1899-1978); Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist (1913-1995); Janet Frame, New Zealand author (1924-2004); Shania Twain, US country singer (1965-); LeAnn Rimes, US country singer (1982-); Jack Black, actor (1969-).