Today is the 193rd day of 2012. There are 173 days left in the year.
2002: South Korean President Kim Dae-jung appoints the country's first female prime minister, Chang Sang.
1810: Napoleonic Empire annexes Holland.
1956: The Finno-Karelian Republic is abolished through incorporation into the Soviet Union as Karelian Autonomous Republic.
1960: Premier Moise Tshombe of Katanga, now part of Congo, proclaims independence of that province.
1963: South African police raid the secret headquarters of the African Congress in a farmhouse north of Johannesburg. Walter Sisulu and other leaders are arrested; Army in Ecuador ousts President Carlos Julio Arosemena, accusing him of being a communist sympathiser.
1967: Communist-led mobs of Chinese in Hong Kong step up violent activities, and British authorities halt all public transport as a safety measure.
1971: Moroccan government says leaders of a coup against King Hassan have been slain or arrested.
1987: The UN proclaims newborn boy Matej Gaspar in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, in what is now Croatia, the world's five billionth inhabitant.
1992: Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega sentenced to 40 years in a US prison for money laundering and drug trafficking.
1993: Military rulers and opposition leaders agree to hold presidential elections in Togo, the first step to resolving a power struggle that claimed hundreds of lives in the west African country.
1998: Brushing aside international calls for a cease-fire, Serb forces pound Albanian rebels outside Pec in the Yugoslav province of Kosovo sending hundreds of civilians fleeing through the mountains.
2001: Weeping Bosnian Muslim widows who lost their husbands and sons in one of the worst massacres in modern history lash out at Slobodan Milosevic and fugitive leaders of the Bosnian Serbs on the sixth anniversary of the slaughter in Srebrenica.
2003: The CIA accepts responsibility for the false claim regarding Iraq obtaining uranium from Niger in US President George W Bush's January State of the Union address.
2004: Italian Coast Guard motorboats block a German aid ship from docking in Sicily after it sails southern Mediterranean waters for three weeks in search of a haven for its passengers, including 36 Sudanese seeking asylum.
2007: Pakistani troops complete an eight-day siege and storming of Islamabad's radical Red Mosque. Some 102 people die, including 10 elite troops and at least 73 suspected pro-Taliban militants.
2008: Lebanon's Prime Minister Fuad Saniora forms a national unity Cabinet in which Hezbollah and its allies have veto power over government decisions.
2009: The deaths of eight British soldiers in Afghanistan within 24 hours triggers a debate in Britain that could undercut public support for the war just as the US is ramping up its own participation in the conflict.
2010: Spain defeats Netherlands 1-0 in extra time to win World Cup.
Robert I the Bruce, Scottish king (1274-1329); Thomas Bowdler, English editor of Shakespeare works (1754-1825); Peter I Karageorgevic, first king of Yugoslavia (1844-1921); Gough Whitlam, Australian prime minister (1916-); Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (1920-1985); Nicolai Gedda, Swedish operatic tenor (1925-); Richie Sambora, guitarist w/ rock group Bon Jovi (1959-).