This Day in History - July 13
Today is the 195th day of 2011. There are 171 days left in the year.
2011: Rupert Murdoch's dream of controlling a British broadcasting behemoth evaporates after he withdraws his bid for BSkyB -- the latest, biggest casualty of what Prime Minister David Cameron called the hacking "firestorm" sweeping through British politics, media and police.
1911: Britain and Japan renew their alliance for four years.
1990: Mayors of Moscow and Leningrad show solidarity with populist Boris Yeltsin by resigning from the Soviet Union's Communist Party on last day of Party Congress.
1991: Iraq requests emergency meeting of 21-nation Arab League to discuss military threats against that country if it doesn't fully disclose extent of nuclear activities.
1992: President George Bush announces that the US will no longer produce plutonium and highly enriched uranium for weapons.
1993: Croat militiamen in Mostar embark on a new wave of ethnic cleansing, detaining hundreds of Muslim men and evicting women, children and the elderly from their homes.
1995: A jury in Panama declares former President Manuel Antonio Noriega innocent of the murders of nine army officers who participated in a 1989 coup attempt against him.
1998: Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto resigns after his party is humiliated in parliamentary elections.
1999: In Peru, President Alberto Fujimori personally supervises the military operation to capture Oscar Ramirez Durand, the last leader still at large of the Maoist Shining Path guerrillas, one of Latin America's most violent rebel movements. He is caught the next day.
2000: Ending a hostage standoff that paralysed Fiji, coup leader George Speight frees the ousted prime minister and 17 others. His hand-picked nominee is named the country's new president.
2001: Pakistani President Gen Pervez Musharraf arrives in India for a landmark summit aimed at smoothing stormy relations between these two nuclear rivals.
2003: The Stockholm, Sweden-based International AIDS Society (IAS) holds its second international conference in Paris, which examined scientific developments in the fight against AIDS.
2004: The Red Cross says it suspects that the US is holding terror suspects secretly in locations across the world despite granting the organisation access to thousands of detainees in Iraq and elsewhere.
2005: Egypt steps up pressure for the return of five of its most precious antiquities from museums abroad -- including the Rosetta Stone in London and the bust of Nesfertiti in Berlin -- bringing in UNESCO to mediate.
2009: US government budget deficit hits milestone, tops $1 trillion, intensifying fears about higher interest rates and inflation.
2010: Swiss authorities declare Oscar-winning film director Roman Polanski a free man -- no longer confined to house arrest in his Alpine villa and free to return to France, rejecting a US request for his extradition because of a 32-year-old sex conviction.
John Dee, English alchemist and mathematician (1527-1608); Gustav Freytag, German novelist (1816-1895); Souphanouvong, Laotian communist leader (1909-1995); Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer and Nobel laureate (1934-); Harrison Ford, US actor (1942-); Erno Rubik, Hungarian inventor of Rubik's Cube (1944-); Cheech Marin, actor/comedian (1946-).