This Day in History, August 21
Today is the 234th day of 2012.
There are 132 days left in the year
2008: Jamaica's Veronica Campbell Brown successfully defends her Olympic 200-m title at the Beijing Games, beating Allyson Felix of the US. Kerron Stewart takes the bronze.
1791: Slaves rise, beginning the Haitian Revolution.
1951: Construction of the first nuclear submarine is ordered. The same power used in the atomic bombs during World War II would be harnessed as an alternate energy source.
1959: Hawaii becomes the 50th state of the US.
1963: Buddhists are arrested and martial law is imposed in South Vietnam.
1968: Soviet forces occupying Czechoslovakia seize liberal Communist leader Alexander Dubcek.
1975: US lifts its 12-year ban on exports to Cuba by foreign subsidiaries of US companies, but embargo on direct trade between Cuba and US remains in effect.
1989: Colombian authorities seize cars and cattle belonging to drug cartel bosses in a crackdown on drug trade.
1990: 100,000 people gather in Prague's Wenceslas Square for the first free commemoration of 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia.
1993: Bosnian Croats give in to UN demands and promise to allow aid to reach tens of thousands of Muslims trapped in Mostar, as heavy fighting rages in the city.
1995: A bomb rips apart a bus during morning rush hour in Jerusalem, killing five people and injuring more than 100.
1999: Farmers dump manure in front of McDonald's eateries in southern France to protest US sanctions on European Union goods. The sanctions were imposed in response to the EU decision to ban US hormone-treated beef.
2000: Efforts to reach the sunken Russian nuclear submarine Kursk end when divers say none of the 118 sailors aboard survived the catastrophic explosion on the Barents Sea.
2001: Documents released by the National Security Archive, a US-based research organisation, show US officials knew of the Rwandan government's involvement in the 1994 genocide.
2004: A series of bombs explode at an opposition rally in Bangladesh's capital, killing at least 14 people and injuring hundreds.
2005: The US military orders a criminal investigation into the death of the 21-year-old cousin of Iraq's ambassador to the United Nations, who alleged that US Marines killed his unarmed relative in cold blood during a raid in western Iraq.
2006: Iran turns away UN inspectors from an underground site meant to shelter its uranium enrichment programme from attack, diplomats say, while the country's supreme leader insists Tehran will not give up its contentious nuclear technology.
2007: Saddam Hussein's cousin known as "Chemical Ali" and 14 others go on trial for charges of crimes against humanity in the brutal suppression of a Shiite uprising that killed tens of thousands after the 1991 Gulf War.
2008: Pirates hijack an Iranian bulk carrier with a crew of 29, a Japanese-operated chemical tanker with a crew of 19, and a German-operated cargo ship with a crew of nine in the Gulf of Aden.
2010: About 150,000 Pakistanis are forced to move to higher ground as floodwaters from a freshly swollen Indus River submerge dozens more towns and villages in the south.
St Francis De Sales, French Roman Catholic bishop (1567-1622); Jean
Baptiste Greuze, French artist (1725-1805); William Murdock, Scottish
inventor (1754-1839); Jules Michelet, French historian (1798-1874);
William "Count" Basie, US jazz musician (1904-1984); Britain's Princess
Margaret (1930-2002); Melvin Van Peebles, US film actor/director
(1932-); Kenny Rogers, US country singer (1938-).
— Jamaica Observer and AP