This Day in History - September 6
Today is Thursday, September 6, the 250th day of 2012. There are 116 days left in the year.
1992: Troops in South Africa fire on African National Congress supporters near the Transkei homeland, killing 28 and wounding 200.
1565: Spanish troops arrive from Sicily, forcing Turks to abandon siege of Malta.
1620: Pilgrims sail on the Mayflower from Plymouth, England, to settle in the New World.
1688: Turks lose Belgrade to Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, whose forces subsequently occupy Bosnia, Serbia and Wallachia.
1901: US President William McKinley is shot by an anarchist and dies eight days later.
1909: American explorer Robert Peary sends word that he has reached the North Pole five months early.
1941: Jews over the age of six in Germany are forced to wear yellow stars of David.
1944: The German V-2 missile, the precursor of modern ballistic missiles, is used for the first time, against Paris.
1965: India invades West Pakistan, the modern-day Pakistan, and bombs city of Lahore.
1966: South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd is stabbed to death by a deranged page during a parliamentary session in Cape Town.
1968: Kingdom of Swaziland gains independence from Britain.
1970: Palestinian guerrillas seize control of three jetliners which are later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews are evacuated.
1982: Israeli Defence Minister Ariel Sharon presses Lebanese authorities to conclude a formal peace treaty with Israel. If they do not, he warns, Israel will create a buffer zone in southern Lebanon, using some of that country's land.
1991: Soviet Union recognises the independence of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
1993: Six oil-producing Arab nations give crucial endorsement to the peace deal that would give Palestinians self-rule.
1994: Irish premier Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams, leader of the Irish Republican Army-allied Sinn Fein party, commit to peaceful settlement in Northern Ireland.
1998: Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei says the country will not use its military against Afghanistan's Taliban militia, easing tensions after Iran massed troops on the border.
2000: The largest gathering of global leaders in history assembles at the UN Millennium Summit to chart an agenda for the 21st century.
2001: The first Air France Concorde plane in more than a year is cleared for commercial flights. The carrier's fleet had been grounded after a Concorde crashed outside Paris in July 2000, killing 113 people.
2002: Russian authorities discover a mass grave in the Russian republic of Chechnya, near the border of Ingushetia. Seven of the 15 dead were Chechen males who reportedly disappeared when Russian forces swept through their villages.
2003: Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas resigns after a prolonged power struggle with Palestinian President Yasir Arafat. Abbas blamed Israel, Arafat and the administration of US President George W Bush for undermining his government and causing his peace efforts to fail.
2005: Thousands of people demonstrate in Sao Paulo to protest against corruption, demanding harsh punishment for politicians caught up in a corruption scandal shaking the administration of Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
2006: Prince Hisahito -- Japan's imperial family's first male heir since the 1960s -- is born in Tokyo.
2007: Syrian air defences open fire on Israeli aircraft that violated Syrian airspace, sharply elevating cross-border tensions.
2008: Massive boulders crash down on a shantytown on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, killing at least 24 people and burying many more under tons of rubble.
2009: Passengers leap into the dark sea and parents drop children into life rafts from a stricken ferry carrying nearly 1,000 people after it capsized in the middle of the night in the southern Philippines, killing nine and leaving 30 missing.
2010: Huge posters plastered across the North Korean capital hail the nation's biggest political convention in 30 years as a historic event as the world watches for signs that the country's next leader is making his public debut.
2011: Convoys of Moammar Gadhafi loyalists, including his security chief, flee across the Sahara into Niger in a move that Libya's former rebels hope could help lead to the surrender of his last strongholds.
Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal-statesman (1652-1723); John Dalton, British chemist (1766-1844); Marie Joseph du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, French politician and soldier (1757-1834); Joseph P Kennedy, US businessman and ambassador to England (1888-1969); Louis Federico Leloir, Argentinian Noblewinning biochemist (1906-1987); Rosie Perez, US actress (1964--); Roger
Waters, English rock musician (1943--).