This Day in History, September 11
Today is the 255th day of 2012. There are 111 days left in the year.
2001: Terrorists crash two hijacked airplanes into the World Trade Centre in New York City, bringing down the twin 110-storey towers, killing more than 2,700 people. Another hijacked jetliner slams into the Pentagon in Washington DC, killing at least 189 people. A fourth hijacked plane crashes in rural southern Pennsylvania, killing 44 people aboard.
1297: Scottish rebels under William Wallace slaughter a larger English force at Stirling Bridge.
1499: French forces take Milan, Italy, with little opposition.
1557: Pope Paul IV makes peace with Philip II of Spain.
1697: Prince Eugene of Savoy defeats Turks at Zenta, Hungary.
1783: American statesman and philosopher Benjamin Franklin negotiates a peace settlement between United States, Great Britain and France; calling it the Treaty of Paris.
1830: Republic of Ecuador is established and granted a constitution by Colombia under which it is to be part of the Confederation of Colombia.
1914: Two Australian battalions land near Rabaul and occupy the German colony on New Britain, off northeastern New Guinea.
1922: British mandate in Palestine is proclaimed while Arabs declare day of mourning.
1936: US President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates Boulder Dam — now Hoover Dam — by pressing a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam's first hydroelectric generator in Nevada.
1944: US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet in Canada at the second Quebec Conference.
1955: Thirteen US Air Force men are killed when a B-29 plane crashes in the Pacific between Japan and Formosa.
1973: Chile's President Salvador Allende dies in a US-supported military coup, and military officials say he committed suicide rather than surrender.
1978: At least 20 dead and 100 wounded in gun battles between Nicaraguan troops and rebels intent on toppling President Anastasio Somoza.
1990: US President George HW Bush addresses a national television audience to gain support for his deployment of US military forces to the Persian Gulf region to confront the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
1991: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev says thousands of Soviet troops will soon leave Cuba; Germany says it will launch an international emergency aid program to help Soviet Union through the winter.
1992: Hurricane Iniki strikes Hawaiian islands of Kauai, Oahu and Niilau, killing six people.
1993: In front of human rights observers, a prominent supporter of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide is dragged from a Mass and assassinated outside a church in Haiti.
1996: Iraq fires two missiles at US F-16 jets patrolling a "no-fly" zone in northern Iraq. Both missiles miss, but the United States responds by sending B-52 bombers to the region.
1998: Independent counsel Kenneth Starr tells the US Congress there are 11 grounds for impeachment of President Bill Clinton; Russian lawmakers approve Yevgeny Primakov as prime minister.
2002: The entire 21-member Palestinian cabinet resigns, after it becomes evident that Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat could not prevent a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet by the Palestinian Legislative Council.
2003: Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh dies in a hospital after being stabbed repeatedly the previous day by an unidentified male attacker while shopping at a department store in Stockholm.
2004: A US soldier admits abusing inmates at Abu Ghraib prison, receiving a lighter sentence in return for his testimony against others charged in the scandal.
2005: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi scores a political triumph as the long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party heads for a landslide win in an election touted as a referendum on his push to privatize Japan's cash-swelled postal system.
2006: The Islamic group Hamas makes a deal to share power with the more moderate Fatah headed by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
2008: Spain's highest court rejects plans for a referendum in the Basque region on self-determination.
2009: Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warns the country's reformist opposition it will face a "harsh response" for confronting the Islamic establishment.
2011: A convoy carrying ousted Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's son al-Saadi crosses into neighboring Niger.
DH Lawrence, English author (1885-1930); O Henry (William Sydney Porter), US writer (1862-1910); Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine president (1917-1989); Tom Landry, US football coach (1924-2000); Brian
DePalma, US film director (1940-); Harry Connick Jr, US singer/actor (1967-); Moby, US DJ/musician (1965-); Mickey Hart, US rock drummer (1943-).