This Day in History - September 27
2008: Chinese astronaut Zhai Zhigang completes China's first spacewalk.
1540: Pope Paul approves Ignatius of Loyola's proposal to create the Society of Jesus, or Jesuit Order.
1928: The United States agrees to recognise the Nationalist Chinese government.
1968: France bars Britain's entry into European Common Market.
1970: Jordan's King Hussein and Al Fatah guerrilla leader Yasser Arafat meet in Cairo with 10 Arab chiefs of state and sign agreement ending civil war in Jordan.
1990: Britain and Iran restore diplomatic relations. Ties had been broken off in March 1989 after the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a death sentence against writer Salman Rushdie.
1993: The UN Security Council bans sales of arms and fuel to the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) because the rebel movement failed to stop fighting the government and renegotiate a 1991 peace settlement to end the country's civil war.
1994: American soldiers take over the Haitian parliament as they continue to spread out over the country.
1999: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak wins his fourth six-year term, taking nearly 94 per cent of the vote in a referendum on his presidency.
2000: A Greek ferry strikes rocks and sinks, killing 75 people. The ship's captain and crew are detained by police, when some survivors say they were watching a soccer match on television as the ship went aground.
2004: The top prosecutor for Sierra Leone's war crimes court accuses former Liberian President Charles Taylor of recruiting fighters in the country he once led and working to destabilise other West African nations.
2006: California Gov Arnold Schwarzenegger signs into law a sweeping global warming initiative that imposes the first cap on greenhouse gas emissions in the US.
2007: Soldiers fire into fleeing crowds in the bloodiest day in the month-long protest against Myanmar's junta, and at least nine people are killed. Tens of thousands demonstrate for the 10th straight day in Yangon and security forces also raided several monasteries overnight.
2010: Pakistan disputes NATO's claim that its forces have the right of hot pursuit across the Afghan border after coalition helicopters launch airstrikes that kill more than 50 militants who had escaped into Pakistan following an attack on an Afghan security post.
2011: A convicted killer who escaped from a US prison in 1970 and hijacked an American airliner two years later while dressed as a priest is captured in Portugal after more than 40 years as a fugitive.
Cosimo de Medici, Italian founder of the Medici dynasty (1389-1464); King Louis XIII of France (1601-1643); Samuel Adams, US revolutionary leader (1722-1803); Louis Botha, first prime minister of South Africa (1862-1919); Arthur Penn, US film director (1922-2002); Dick Schaap, US sportscaster (1934- 2001); Meat Loaf, US rock singer (1947-); Gwyneth Paltrow, actress (1972-).