Those ugly scars and Tinea Versicolor

Skin care matters

with Michelle Vernon

Saturday, February 13, 2016

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Dear Michelle


I have some white spots on my back that have been spreading. They bother me and I don’t know what to do to get rid of them!




— Christina




Hi Christina, it sounds like you have Tinea Versicolor. This is a fungal infection of the skin. It’s also called Pityriasis Versicolor or as we Jamaicans would call it "liver spot", which is caused by a type of yeast that naturally lives on your skin. When the yeast grows out of control, the skin disease appears as white spots.


The infection can happen for any of the following reasons:


– You have oily skin


– You live in a hot climate


– You sweat a lot


– You have a weak immune system


Because the yeast grows naturally on your skin, Tinea Versicolor is not contagious. The condition can affect people of any skin colour. It’s more likely to affect teens and young adults.




SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TINEA VERSICOLOR


Acidic bleach from the growing yeast causes areas of skin to be a different colourthan the skin around them. These can be individual spots or patches. Specific signs and symptoms of the infection include:


– Patches that may be white, pink, red, or brown and can be lighter or darker than the skin around them.


– Spots that do not tan the way the rest of your skin does.


– Spots that may occur anywhere on your body but are most commonly seen on your neck, chest, back, and arms.


The spots may disappear during cool weather and get worse during warm and humid weather. They may be dry and scaly and may itch or hurt, although this is not common.


AT-HOME REMEDIES FOR TINEA VERSICOLOR



(1) Tea Tree Oil


Tea tree oil is an effective home remedy for Tinea Versicolor because of its Antifungal properties. It will inhibit the spread of the infection and prevent recurrence. In addition, it will provide relief from itchiness.


1. Add 5 to 7 drops of tea tree oil to 1 tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil or coconut oil.


2. Apply this oil on the affected area using a cotton ball.


3. Allow it to dry on its own, then rinse it off with lukewarm water and pat dry.


4. Follow this remedy twice daily for a few weeks.



(2) Coconut Oil


Coconut oil is an effective remedy for any type of fungal infection, including Tinea Versicolor. The medium chain fatty acids in coconut oil work as natural fungicides. This means it helps stop the growth of the fungi responsible for the infection.


– Apply some extra virgin coconut oil on the affected areas. Allow it to dry on its own.


– Another option is to mix 1 tablespoon of extra virgin coconut oil and 5 or 6 drops of cinnamon oil. Apply it on the affected skin. Wait 15 to 20 minutes before rinsing it off with warm water.


Follow either of these remedies 2 or 3 times daily until the infection clears up.



(3) Aloe Vera


Aloe Vera has a protein called 14 kDa that possesses antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties that are effective in treating Tinea Versicolor. It can significantly reduce the fungi’s ability to spread. In addition, it has many healing properties that promote healing of the damaged skin.


– Extract fresh aloe vera gel from an aloe vera leaf. Apply the gel directly on the affected skin areas, 2 or 3 times daily for several weeks.


– Another option is to mix a few drops of lavender oil in 1 teaspoon of aloe vera gel.


Apply it on the affected areas 2 or 3 times a day.



(4) Yogurt


Plain, unsweetened yogurt is a natural cure for fungal infection like Tinea Versicolor. The probiotics present in plain yogurt keep the growth of fungi in check. This in turn promotes quick recovery and prevents recurrence.


– Apply plain yogurt on the affected skin. Leave it on for at least 20 to 30 minutes, then rinse it off with warm water.


– Also, eat 2 to 3 cups of plain yogurt daily to help fight the yeast internally.



(5) Oregano Oil


You can clear up Tinea Versicolor using oregano essential oil. It is one of the most potent antifungal oils, which can fight the fungi responsible for the condition as well as reduce the symptoms.


1. Prepare a solution with equal amounts of oregano essential oil and extra virgin olive oil.


2. Apply it on the affected areas using a cotton ball.


3. Leave it on for 30 minutes, then rinse it off with lukewarm water.


4. Follow this remedy once daily for a few weeks.


You can also take oregano essential oil supplements, after consulting a doctor.



(6) Garlic


Garlic is also an effective remedy for Tinea Versicolor. Its antifungal properties help stop the growth of fungi and provide relief from itching.


– Apply garlic oil or freshly extracted garlic juice on the affected areas. Wait 20 minutes, then take a bath or shower. Do this once daily for a few weeks.


_ Also, consume 2 to 3 cloves of raw garlic with warm water on an empty stomach daily to treat and prevent recurrence of Tinea Versicolor.


_ A garlic supplement can be a great addition to your regimen to prevent any kind of skin infection. Consult a doctor for the correct dosage.



(7) Apple Cider Vinegar


Apple cider vinegar is a good remedy for Tinea Versicolor. Due to its antimicrobial properties, apple cider vinegar helps control the abnormal growth of the fungi. In addition, it helps prevent recurrence of the infection.


– Mix equal amounts of apple cider vinegar and lukewarm water. Dab a cotton ball in this solution and apply it on the affected area. Wait 15 minutes before rinsing it off with warm water. Follow this remedy once daily for a few weeks.


– Also, mix 2 tablespoons of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink it twice daily.



(8) Turmeric


Turmeric is another popular traditional remedy for Tinea Versicolor. Its natural antiseptic, antibiotic and antifungal properties promote healing and prevent the infection from recurring.


Add 3 to 4 teaspoons of raw, unprocessed tumeric to a large jug of water. After taking a bath, pour this turmeric-infused water on the affected area.


– Alternatively, mix equal amounts of turmeric powder and sandalwood powder. Add enough water to make a paste. Apply the paste to the affected areas. Leave it on for 30 minutes, then take a bath or shower.


Follow either of these remedies once daily until the spots disappear.



(9) Indian Lilac


Indian lilac, also known as Neem, is a very effective treatment for skin infections. This herb contains antifungal, antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. It helps control the growth of the fungi that causes Tinea Versicolor and promotes quick healing.


– Boil a handful of washed Neem leaves in 2 cups of water for 10 minutes. Strain and allow the water to cool. Use this water to wash the affected area, 2 or 3 times a day for a few weeks.


– Another option is to grind some Neem leaves with water. Apply this paste directly on the affected area, allow it to dry and then wash it off with water. Follow this remedy once daily for a few weeks.


– Alternatively, soak a cotton ball in Neem oil mixed with carrier oil such as olive oil or coconut oil and apply it on the infected area. Do this twice daily for at least 2 to 3 weeks.



(10) Healthy Diet


Since weak immunity contributes to Tinea Versicolor, a healthy immune-boosting diet should be an important part of your treatment. Proper nutrition can boost the immune system and help prevent and fight the infection.


A diet high in vitamins A, C, E and B helps give your immune system a healthy boost


– Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.


– Eat foods with probiotics, such as yogurt and kefir.


– Avoid too much carbohydrates in your diet, as it stimulates yeast production.


At the same time, drink plenty of water daily to get rid of harmful toxins that can compromise the immune system.


Over-the-counter remedies


Over-the-counter treatment of Tinea Versicolor can consist of creams, lotions, or shampoos that are put on the skin. It can also include medication given as pills.


The type of treatment will depend on the size, location, and thickness of the infected area.


Treatment options include:


– Topical antifungals


These products are applied directly to your skin and may be in the form of lotion, shampoo, cream, foam, or soap. They keep the growth of the yeast under control. Over-the-counter antifungal topical products containing ingredients such as zinc, pyrithione, selenium sulfide, miconzale,clotrimazole, and terbinafine are available. if these over-the-counter medications don’t work it’s advised to see a specialist where prescription medications may be needed.


– Antifungal pills


These may be used to treat more serious or recurrent cases of Tinea Versicolor. Or in some cases they may be used because they can provide a simpler and quicker resolution of the infection. These medicines are given by prescription and can have side effects. So it’s important to be monitored by your doctor while using antifungal pills.


Treatment usually eliminates the fungal infection. However, the discoloration of the skin may take up to several months to resolve.


Lifestyle Tips for Managing Tinea Versicolor


Recurrent episodes are very common because the yeast that causes the infection is a normal fungus that lives on skin. Medicated cleansers may be used one or two times a month to help prevent Tinea Versicolor from coming back. You may need to use these cleansers if the infection keeps returning, especially if you live in a warm and humid area.


Here are some tips to help you manage Tinea Versicolor:


– Avoid using oily skin products.


– Reduce your exposure to the sun. Exposure to the sun may trigger or worsen an episode, and a tan makes the rash more visible.


– If you have to go out in the sun, consider using an antifungal shampoo daily for a couple of days prior to sun exposure.


– Put on sunscreen every day. Use a non-greasy formula with a minimum sun protection factor (SPF) of 30.


– Do not wear tight clothing.


– Wear breathable fabrics, such as cotton, to decrease sweating.

    

 


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