Barbados named among new emerging countries for immigrants


Barbados named among new emerging countries for immigrants

Wednesday, December 20, 2017

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WASHINGTON, DC, USA (CMC) — A new report has suggested that Barbados and three Central, South and Latin American countries have “established themselves as the new emerging countries of immigration in the Americas”.

The Fourth Report of the Continuous Reporting System on International Migration in the Americas,” prepared by the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Coperation and Development (OECD), was presented Monday in the framework of the celebration of International Migrants Day.

According to the report, between 2012 and 2015, of the 7.2 million people that emigrated from the countries of the Americas, 48 per cent moved to Canada and the United States, 34 per cent to Latin America and the Caribbean, and 18 per cent to European countries of the OECD.

In 2015, an estimated 880,000 people from all over the world emigrated to countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, which represents 20 per cent of the total emigration, the report states, adding that Barbados, Chile, Ecuador and Panama have “established themselves as the new emerging countries of immigration in the Americas”.

In the last 15 years, the report stated, the total number of immigrants residing in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean increased by 2.6 million people, or 45 per cent; the number of immigrants residing in the United States increased by 34 per cent, and in Europe by 30 per cent.

In 2015, there were 184,000 asylum applications in the Americas, representing an increase of 83 per cent over 2013.

This amount represented six per cent of all requests made worldwide, which increased 187 per cent in that period as a result of the armed conflicts in Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq.

The report noted that approximately one third of immigrants from the Americas present in Spain between 2002 and 2016 left the country in 2015, with nearly 20 per cent immigrants from the Caribbean region and more than 40 per cent immigrants from Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Paraguay.

The 2017 said that between 2014 and 2015 the employment situation of immigrants from the Americas in the United States and Europe improved, “which was reflected in a general decrease in unemployment compared to 2012/2013”.

Nevertheless, the report said the employment situation of migrant women continues to be more unfavourable than for men.

It notes that the deceleration of economic growth in Latin America and the global recovery in advanced countries have led to an increase in outflows from Latin America and the Caribbean, in particular to Spain and to the United States.

In addition, annual entries to Canada represented about 1.7 per cent of the total population, the highest rate after Barbados and before the United States.

“In the Americas, as in other parts of the world, migration trends have been reinforced by the increase in the number of people fleeing their countries, whether from natural catastrophes, or economic or political instability,” the report says.

In addition, the report notes a “significant proportion of the increase in intra-American migration, however, can be attributed to persons fleeing conflict zones, natural catastrophes, or conditions of economic collapse or underdevelopment, for example in Colombia, Cuba, Haiti and Venezuela.

“In other words, the increase in immigration in this region cannot be entirely viewed through the lens of a greater-economic-integration perspective,” the report stated.

“Today we have overwhelming evidence confirming that the practice of respecting and promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants benefits both migrants and the countries of destination, both for the growth of its economy and social cohesion,” said OAS Assistant Secretary General Nestor Mendez, adding “unfortunately, the violation of the human rights of migrants is an undeniable reality.

“The risks of death, extortion, xenophobia, trafficking and trafficking in persons, the separation of families, forced return to the country of origin, and violence exercised by organised crime, are not a reality alien to our hemisphere,” he said.

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