Greater emphasis on human capital in Canada's selection system

Jamaica To Canada

Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Print this page Email A Friend!

Dear Mr Brown,

I have always heard that obtaining a job offer makes it a guarantee to migrate to Canada. I obtained a job offer recently, but was only granted 50 points instead of 600. I think it is unfair. Why did they change how the points are awarded?

— BM

Dear BM:

Canada tweaked the economic immigration selection system in late 2016. The changes to the system place a greater emphasis on human capital, which includes factors such as age, education and language proficiency.

In the six months after the introduction of changes to the system, there was a significant reduction of the points awarded to candidates with job offers. The system has created a larger pool of eligible candidates by making it easier to apply without a job offer. The percentage of invitations to apply for permanent residence, to applicants who have a job offer, pursuant to the express entry system has decreased from 40 per cent in 2016 to only 10 per cent.

However, there has been a corresponding trend in which applicants with backgrounds in industrial, electrical and construction trades are now less competitive, while international students are more competitive because more points are awarded for their Canadian education.

When migrating to a new country, there is an obvious advantage in being employed. However, the emphasis has shifted from employment offers to education because a (relatively) young, educated person who is fluent in the official languages of Canada (English and/or French) is adaptable to changing economic conditions.

The issue with placing too much emphasis on an initial job offer is that it addresses short-term labour market needs. However, job market conditions can change. A specific job in demand at one point may be an oversupply at another. In the long run, adaptability is the key for a successful system.

An applicant with little job experience, but who has post-secondary Canadian education will be extremely adaptable as well. As such, placing greater emphasis on a Canada education is always extremely important.

Under the revamped system, the number of international students who migrated increased significantly by 40 per cent of the total immigration invitations in the first six months after the changes were made.

The largest increases from source countries for immigration include India, China and Nigeria.

Accordingly, although it is positive news that you have received a job offer and you will receive the 50 additional points, there are policy reasons that fewer points are awarded for jobs to balance short-term and long-term adaptability goals regarding immigration.

Please visit JAMAICA2CANADA.COM for additional information on Canadian Permanent Residence programmes, including Express Entry, The Study & Work programme, Visas or Appeals, etc.

Antonn Brown, BA, (Hons), LLB, MSc, RCIC, is an immigration counsel and an accredited Canadian education agent of JAMAICA2CANADA.COM — a Canadian immigration and education firm in Kingston. Send questions/comments to

Now you can read the Jamaica Observer ePaper anytime, anywhere. The Jamaica Observer ePaper is available to you at home or at work, and is the same edition as the printed copy available at




1. We welcome reader comments on the top stories of the day. Some comments may be republished on the website or in the newspaper � email addresses will not be published.

2. Please understand that comments are moderated and it is not always possible to publish all that have been submitted. We will, however, try to publish comments that are representative of all received.

3. We ask that comments are civil and free of libellous or hateful material. Also please stick to the topic under discussion.

4. Please do not write in block capitals since this makes your comment hard to read.

5. Please don't use the comments to advertise. However, our advertising department can be more than accommodating if emailed:

6. If readers wish to report offensive comments, suggest a correction or share a story then please email:

7. Lastly, read our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy

comments powered by Disqus



Today's Cartoon

Click image to view full size editorial cartoon