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This Day in History - October 9

Monday, October 09, 2017

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Today is the 282nd day of 2017. There are 83 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

1967: Marxist revolutionary guerrilla leader Che Guevara, 39, is summarily executed by the Bolivian army a day after his capture.

OTHER EVENTS

1514: Mary Tudor, the 18-year-old sister of Henry VIII, becomes Queen consort of France upon her marriage to 52-year-old King Louis XII, who died less than three months later.

1701: The Collegiate School of Connecticut — later Yale University — is chartered in New Haven.

1760: Russians capture Berlin.

1776: A group of Spanish missionaries settle in present-day San Francisco.

1801: Turkey formally recovers Egypt by treaty with France.

1806: Prussia declares war on France.

1888: The public is first admitted to the Washington Monument.

1914: The Belgian city of Antwerp falls to German forces during World War I.

1936: The first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.

1946: The Eugene O'Neill drama The Iceman Cometh” opens at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.

1958: Pope Pius XII dies at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy. He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.

1963: Major General Sir Edward Frederick William David Walugembe Mutebi Luwangula Mutesa II, ruler of Buganda, becomes the first president of Uganda. Buganda is a kingdom within Uganda.

1970: Work begins on the Trans-Amazon highway.

1971: Army rebels in Argentina surrender after a 19-hour attempt to overthrow the Government.

1975: Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov (AHN'-dray SAHK'-ah-rawf) is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1981: Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin arrives in Cairo for funeral of Egypt's President Anwar Sadat.

1985: The hijackers of the Achille Lauro (ah-KEE'-leh LOW'-roh) cruise liner surrender two days after seizing the vessel in the Mediterranean. Passenger Leon Klinghoffer was killed by the hijackers during the standoff.

1987: Author, politician and diplomat Clare Boothe Luce dies in Washington at age 84.

1989: Newly created Hungarian Socialist Party adopts a manifesto vowing commitment to democracy.

1990: Forty-seven people are killed in India when a train car is set afire by terrorists protesting an injunction against an affirmative-action plan.

1991: The US Food and Drug Administration conditionally approves the sale of DDI, the second drug used for routine AIDS treatment. It was approved for use by patients who failed to respond to AZT, the only other drug currently approved.

1992: The UN Security Council votes to ban all flights by military aircraft over Bosnia-Herzegovina and create a “no-fly zone”.

1993: Somali warlord General Mohammed Farah Aidid offers a ceasefire with US and UN forces in Somalia.

1995: A sabotaged section of the track causes an Amtrak train, the Sunset Limited, to derail in Arizona; one person is killed and about 80 injured. (The case remains unsolved.)

1998: After 15 years of disgrace, Ariel Sharon returns to the centre of power as foreign minister of Israel in charge of peace talks with the Palestinians.

2000: A Slovenian ski instructor becomes the first person ever to ski non-stop down the slopes of Mount Everest in Kathmandu.

2001: Americans Eric A Cornell, Carl E Wieman and Wolfgang Ketterle win the Nobel Prize in physics for creating a new state of matter: the Bose-Einstein condensate, which is an ultra-cold gas that could aid in developing smaller and faster electronics.

2002: Sniper John Allen Muhammad's attacks kill three people in northern Virginia, bringing to 11 the total number of victims killed or wounded in a string of related shootings in the Washington, DC area.

2006: The UN Security Council formally nominates South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon to succeed Kofi Annan as UN secretary general.

2007: The impoverished Nama tribe wins back diamond-rich land confiscated by a government mining company more than 80 years ago, ending South Africa's longest-running court case. Nine Republican presidential hopefuls debate in Dearborn, Michigan; Mitt Romney and Rudy Giuliani clash over tax and spending cuts, each claiming greater commitment than the other. Two Armenian Christian women are shot dead while riding in a car in Baghdad by security contractors working for Australian-owned Unity Resources Group. France's Albert Fert and German Peter Gruenberg win the 2007 Nobel Prize in physics for a discovery that let computers, iPods and other digital devices store reams of data on ever-shrinking hard disks. Actress Carol Bruce dies in Woodland Hills, California, at age 87.

2009: President Barack Obama is named the recipient of the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize for what the Norwegian Nobel Committee called “his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”.

2010: Chile's trapped miners cheer and embrace each other as a drill punches into their underground chamber, opening a way out with a spray of rock and dust from the collapsed mine where they have been stuck for an agonising 66 days.

2011: Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk appears to clinch a second term in office for his centrist, pro-European Civic Platform party in parliamentary elections, a historic first in the country's post-communist era.

2012: Former Penn State Assistant Football Coach Jerry Sandusky is sentenced in Bellefonte (BEHL'-fahnt), Pennsylvania, to 30 to 60 years in prison following his June 2012 conviction on 45 counts of sexual abuse of boys. Future Nobel peace laureate Malala Yousufzai (mah-LAH'-lah yoo-SOOF'-zeye), a 14-year-old Pakistani girl who had dared to advocate education for girls and criticise the Taliban, is shot and seriously wounded by a militant gunman in the town of Mingora in the volatile Swat Valley.

2016: During a bitter debate in St Louis, Hillary Clinton declares that Donald Trump's vulgar comments about women revealed “exactly who he is” and proved his unsuitability to be president; firing back, Trump accuses Clinton of attacking women involved in Bill Clinton's extramarital affairs and promises she would “be in jail” if he were president. Tom Brady, looking relatively rust-free after serving his four-game “Deflategate” suspension, passes for 406 yards and three touchdowns to Martellus Bennett as the New England Patriots thumped the Cleveland Browns 33-13.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Camille Saint-Saens, French composer (1835-1921); Tawfiq Hakim, Egyptian writer (1898-1987); Jacques Tati, French film director and actor (1908-1982); John Lennon, British pop singer (1940-1980); Sharon Osbourne, actress (1952-); Sean Lennon, British singer (1975-); Tony Shalhoub, actor (1953- ); David Cameron, former British prime minister (1966- ); Steve McQueen, movie director (12 Years a Slave) (1969- ); Randy Spelling, actor (1978- )

— AP


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