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This Day in History - February 9

Friday, February 09, 2018

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Today is the 40th day of 2018. There are 325 days left in the year.

Today's highlight:

1962: British empire announces that Jamaica will be granted Independence effective August 6.

Other highlights

1667: Peace of Andrusovo ends the Thirteen Years' War between Russia and Poland, giving Russia the eastern Ukraine, including Kiev.

1825: US House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams president after no candidate received a majority of electoral votes.

1849: Rome is proclaimed republic under Giuseppe Mazzini.

1870: The US Weather Bureau is established.

1891: Menelek, emperor of Ethiopia, denounces Italian claims to a protectorate.

1909: Germany recognises France's special interests in Morocco.

1934: Romania, Greece, Yugoslavia, and Turkey sign the Balkan Pact.

1941: German troops under Gen Erwin Rommel cross from Italy to North Africa in World War II.

1964: The Beatles make their first live American television appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show.

1989: One woman is shot and killed and six people are injured in violence during Jamaica's election. The People's National Party wins Jamaica's 11th parliamentary election with 45 seats to the Jamaica Labour Party's 15.

1991: About 90 per cent of those casting ballots in Lithuania's referendum on independence vote in favour of secession from the Soviet Union.

1992: Army-backed ruling council of Algeria declares state of emergency to quell spreading violence.

1994: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Shimon Peres, Israel's foreign minister, reach agreement on security issues that have stalled the Israeli Palestine Liberation Organization peace accord.

2000: A Massachusetts court rules that a woman can't have frozen embryos she made with her former husband at a fertility clinic. The custody battle was a first in the state — and one of a few in the United States.

2001: US Navy submarine collides with a Japanese fishing vessel about 16 kilometres (10 miles) south of Honolulu, Hawaii, sinking the ship and leaving nine of its passengers missing at sea.

2002: Hundreds of singing Ethiopians line Addis Ababa's streets to welcome the return of a replica of the Ark of the Covenant looted from Ethiopia by British soldiers along with gold and silver artefacts more than 130 years ago.

2006: Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez called US President George W Bush a “madman” and accuses the United States and Britain of planning to invade Iran, Venezuela's closest ally in the Middle East.

2008: Turkey's parliament votes to amend the constitution to lift a decades-old ban on Islamic head scarves at Turkey's universities, despite fierce opposition from the secular establishment.

2009: A woman who ignited a fierce right-to-die debate that convulsed Italy and involved the Vatican dies just as lawmakers in Parliament rush to pass a bill designed to keep her alive.

2010: Russia's top military officer says US missile defence plans are a threat to Russian national security and have slowed down progress on a new arms control treaty with Washington.

2011: British police disclose they will contact thousands of people whose cellphones may have been targeted by the News of The World tabloid, an indication of the scale of the scandal at the heart of Rupert Murdoch's media empire.

2012: The United States and its allies believe the window to stop Iran from building a bomb is quickly closing, pushing conflict with the Islamic republic to the top of the Obama administration's national security worries in the midst of an election year.

2013: Yemen's interior minister says his country was disappointed to find that a large and diverse cache of weapons seized on a ship last month had been exported from Iran, a finding Washington said underscores Tehran's continuing evasion of UN resolutions.

2014: Hundreds of civilians are evacuated from the besieged Syrian city of Homs, braving gunmen spraying bullets and lobbing mortar shells to flee as part of a rare three-day truce to relieve a chocking blockade.

Today's Birthdays:

Leander Starr Jameson, South African statesman (1853-1917); Mrs Patrick Campbell (Beatrice Tanner), English actress (1865-1940); Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, Australian aviation pioneer (1897-1935); Carole King, US singer/songwriter (1942-); Alice Walker, US author (1944- ); Mia Farrow, US actress (1945- ); Ziyi Zhang, Chinese actress (1979- )

— AP/Observer

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