The Caribbean and the Commonwealth at 70

BY MARCIA THOMAS

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

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Jamaica and other Caribbean countries which were former colonies of Britain are among he 53 member states of the Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth could be considered the political organisation which succeeded the British Empire once more countries became independent. The Queen is the head of the Commonwealth and it was agreed that she will be succeeded by her heir, Prince Charles.

Commonwealth Day is observed on the second Monday in March, which was Empire Day. This year, it was March 11. This year the Commonwealth is celebrating its 70th anniversary. The London Declaration, which was adopted in 1949, created the modern organisation. The Commonwealth Charter was adopted in 2013 outlining its values and aspirations.

For most of us, the Commonwealth only comes to mind when the Commonwealth Games are held every four years or during cricket and netball tournaments. Organised through the Commonwealth Games Federation, the last games were held in Australia in 2018. Jamaica hosted the British Empire and Commonwealth Games in 1966 and remains the only Caribbean country to do so. In fact, Jamaica was the only developing Commonwealth country to host the games until Malaysia in 1998. The Commonwealth Youth Games commenced in 2000 and the sixth Games were held in Nassau, the Bahamas, in 2017. The seventh will be held in Trinidad and Tobago in 2021.

The institutions of the Commonwealth are the secretariat established in 1965 and located at Marlborough House in London, and the foundation established in 1966. As well, there are a number of associated Commonwealth organisations.

The Commonwealth Caribbean has provided two of the secretaries general. Sir Shridath Ramphal of Guyana, 1975-1990, was the longest-serving secretary general. The current secretary general, Baroness Patricia Scotland, is of Dominican descent. Winston Cox of Barbados, Ransford Smith of Jamaica, and Deodat Maharaj of Trinidad and Tobago served as deputy secretaries general. Many Caribbean nationals have held senior posts in the secretariat.

The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting is held biennially in the member state assuming the chair of the body. This meeting was held in Jamaica in 1975, the Bahamas in 1985, and in Trinidad and Tobago in 2009.

Commonwealth ministers meet to address various issues such as foreign affairs, finance, education, health, and youth. It is reported that Jamaica has offered to host the 10th Commonwealth Youth Ministers Meeting in 2021. Since 2017, Commonwealth trade ministers have been meeting. It was suggested that the Commonwealth should again examine the potential for promoting internal trade. The Commonwealth Scheme of Preferences existed before Britain joined the European Union in 1973.

Through the years, Jamaican and other Caribbean nationals have benefited from Commonwealth scholarships allowing them to study in various Commonwealth countries and from technical assistance through the Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation.

The Commonwealth has provided election observers, conducted social and economic studies and organised workshops and seminars to assist its developing country members The secretariat has also collaborated with the European Union and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries to provide support through the Commonwealth Hubs and Spokes Project.

The Commonwealth has focused on issues of concern to small states as 31 of its 53 members, including those in the Caribbean, are in this category. It has assisted them to meet some of their major challenges, such as limited global influence, weak technical capacity, limited access to affordable finance, and the impact of natural disasters and climate change.

The Commonwealth also assisted small states to establish diplomatic presence in New York and Geneva to enable their participation in the work of the international organisations located in both cities.

Since the Brexit referendum in Britain in 2016 there has been more attention to the Commonwealth which has been seen by supporters of Brexit as a ready-made alliance for Britain when it leaves the European Union.

The celebration of the Commonwealth's 70th anniversary during this year provides an opportunity for the Commonwealth Caribbean to reflect on its membership of this organisation.

Marcia E Thomas is a former foreign service officer.

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