LONDON, England (AFP) — A triple century by Hashim Amla and four strikes by South Africa's bowlers had England reeling on the fourth day of the first Test match at the Oval yesterday.
Amla made 311 not out as South Africa made 637 for two declared; a first innings lead of 252.
England were 102 for four at the close, needing another 150 runs to avoid an innings defeat.
"I am happy, surprised and really excited that I managed to do something that has never been done before by a South African, but the biggest pleasure is that the team is in a dominant position to win this Test match," said Amla.
Amla and Jacques Kallis (182 not out) batted with relentless concentration and skill as they put on an unbeaten 377 for the third wicket, a record for any wicket in matches between England and South Africa.
Amla paid tribute to his two partners in stands that sapped the energy from the England bowlers.
He put on 259 for the second wicket with captain Graeme Smith before he and Kallis took the game beyond England's reach.
Whereas England had taken only one wicket in more than 13 hours of play between the early dismissal of Alviro Petersen on Friday and the tourists' declaration at tea on Sunday, the hosts were almost immediately in trouble in their second innings.
First innings century-maker Alastair Cook was caught behind off Vernon Philander off the eighth ball of the innings without scoring — the third opening batsman in the match to be dismissed for a duck.
Dale Steyn then produced a superb away swinger to have Jonathan Trott caught behind.
Kevin Pietersen played some bold strokes, hitting three boundaries in an innings of 16 before he played down the wrong line against Morne Morkel and had his middle stump knocked out of the ground.
England captain Andrew Strauss battled for more than two hours, making 27, before he top-edged a sweep against leg-spinner Imran Tahir and was caught at square leg.
Ian Bell and Ravi Bopara batted out the day but will resume on Monday with England still needing a big effort to avoid defeat in the first match of a three-match series.
Amla had earlier become the first South African to hit a Test triple century.
The country's previous highest score was 278 not out by AB de Villiers against Pakistan in Abu Dhabi in 2010-11.