SO Gardening April-21

Style Observer

SO Gardening April-21

Types of Orchids and Identification

Sunday, April 21, 2019

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Easter greetings from SO' s Orchid patch of five varieties of orchids.


The top-heavy blooms of the dendrobium orchid often require staking. With more than 1,000 species included in this large orchid genus, the dendrobium defies easy categorisation. The most common varieties you will find in the trade feature white, yellow or lavender blooms.


Encyclia orchids, also called cockleshell orchids, thrive when planted on an orchid mount to simulate the epiphytic growing conditions of the wild. Some horticulturists say this orchid looks like an octopus because of its dangling petals and sepals. Although not fragrant, it can bloom for several consecutive months.


The epidendrum genus is large, containing more than 1,000 pure species and many more hybrids. The flowers are petite, and the plants need very bright light to bloom and thrive. Epidendrum growers usually need supplemental growlights when growing these orchids indoors.


If your orchid resembles a dancing lady, chances are you are tending an oncidium orchid. This low-care orchid includes the popular “Sharry Baby,” which emits a sweet cocoa fragrance. These orchids need consistent moisture and humidity. Failure to meet this requirement results in leaf deformities.


Some orchids can be tough to pronounce, like phalaenopsis, which fortunately goes by the common name moth orchid. This orchid is ideal for beginners, tolerates clumsy repotting efforts, and blooms on and off throughout the year.

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