This Day in History - July 26Monday, July 26, 2021
Today is the 207th day of 2021. There are 158 days left in the year
2006: Andrea Yates is found not guilty by reason of insanity by a Houston jury in the bathtub drownings of her five children; she is committed to a state mental hospital. (Yates had initially been found guilty of murder, but had her conviction overturned.)
1847: Liberia becomes the first African colony to declare its independence.
1891: France annexes South Sea island of Tahiti.
1908: The Federal Bureau of Investigation is established in the US.
1926: Philippines legislature calls for plebiscite on independence but it is vetoed by US governor general.
1947: The US Department of Defence is established under the Armed Forces Unification Act.
1952: Eva Peron, popular leader and wife of Argentine President Juan Peron, dies of cancer at age 33; Egypt's King Farouk abdicates in favour of his infant son after a military coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1953: Fidel Castro leads an attack on army barracks in Santiago, Cuba, in the hope of sparking a popular uprising. Most of the 160 revolutionaries are killed and Castro is captured but later receives an amnesty.
1974: Konstantinos Karamanlis, new Greek premier, forms civilian Cabinet after seven years of military rule in Greece.
1990: Iraq agrees to pull thousands of troops back from Kuwaiti border after Kuwait agrees to cut oil production.
1991: Communist leaders overwhelmingly approve Mikhail Gorbachev's new party platform, abandoning decades of Marxist dogma.
1992: Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ends a three-week stand-off and allows UN inspectors to search the Agriculture Ministry in Baghdad for chemical weapons.
1994: Israel warns of a new wave of terrorism by Islamic extremists after a car bomb wrecks part of its London embassy, injuring 14 people.
1997: K R Narayanan takes the oath of India's presidency, the first member of the class once known as “untouchables” to do so.
1998: Prime Minister Hun Sen's party wins a majority in Cambodia elections a year after he ousted his rival Prince Norodom Ranariddh in a bloody coup.
2000: The European Union proposes a ban on the import of “conflict diamonds” from Sierra Leone. The proposal matches a similar resolution passed by the UN Security Council.
2001: Indonesia's ousted President Abdurrahman Wahid vacates the palace and leaves the country, ending a stand-off and clearing the way for his successor, Megawati Sukarnoputri.
2002: A court in Jakarta, Indonesia, convicts Hutomo Mandala Putra, son of former President Suharto, of hiring the assassins who murdered the Supreme Court justice who convicted Putra of fraud.
2004: The European Union joins the US in pushing for “imminent” UN sanctions against Sudan if it does not end the conflict in its western Darfur region. Sudan criticises the move, saying it will just make things worse.
2006: Jamaican cultural icon Louise “Miss Lou” Bennett-Coverley dies.
2009: In a drive to inoculate people against swine flu before winter, many European governments say they will fast-track the testing of a vaccine, arousing concern among some experts about safety and proper doses.
2010: A UN-backed tribunal sentences the Khmer Rouge's chief jailer to 35 years for overseeing the deaths of up to 16,000 people — the first verdict involving a senior member of the “killing fields” regime that devastated a generation of Cambodians.
2011: Kosovo's prime minister defends an order for his special police to take control of two contested border crossings with Serbia, saying it is “the right decision” despite condemnation from the European Union.
2013: Ariel Castro, the man who imprisoned three women in his Cleveland home, subjecting them to a decade of rapes and beatings, pleads guilty to 937 counts in a deal to avoid the death penalty. (Castro later committed suicide in prison.) On his way to winning the javelin gold medal, at the IPC Athletics World Championships in Lyon, France, multiple Paralympic gold medallist Jamaican Alphanso Cunningham breaks the world record three times.
2016: Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to be nominated for president by a major political party at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.
2017: US President Donald Trump announces on Twitter that he will not “accept or allow” transgender people to serve in the US military. (The pronouncement was blocked by legal challenges, and the Pentagon began allowing transgender recruits to seek enlistment on January 1.)
George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer (1856-1950); Carl Jung, Swiss psychologist (1875-1961); Antonio Machado, Spanish writer (1875-1939); George Grosz, German painter (1893-1959); Aldous Huxley, British author (1894-1963); Blake Edwards, producer/director (1922-2010); Stanley Kubrick, US film director (1928-1999); Mick Jagger, British pop singer (1943- ); Kevin Spacey, US actor (1959- ); Sandra Bullock, US actress (1964- ); Kate Beckinsale, English actress (1973- )