Bill Clinton lobbies for earthquake aid to HaitiSunday, October 10, 2010
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) — Former United States President Bill Clinton said desperately needed US aid is coming to Haiti despite delays after listening on Wednesday to refugees in a sprawling homeless camp complain of a lack of food, jobs and housing nine months after a devastating earthquake.
Clinton, the co-chair of the commission overseeing Haiti's reconstruction, expressed frustration with the slow delivery of promised funds by donors who have delivered about US$732 million of a promised US$5.3 billion in funds for 2010-11, along with debt relief. Most notably absent is the United States, which has yet to deliver any of its promised US$1.15 billion.
"First of all, in the next day or so it will become obvious that the United States is making a huge downpayment on that," the former US president and husband of the current secretary of state told reporters without providing details. "Secondly, I'm not too concerned -- although I'm frustrated -- because the Congress have approved the money that the secretary of state and the White House asked for."
The stakes were made clear in a morning visit to a storm-battered hillside former golf-course in Port-au-Prince now home to 55,000 increasingly desperate Haitians, who told Clinton amid mosquito swarms and fraying tarps that they need money, jobs, houses and education to get out of the dangerous and inhospitable camp where they are stuck.
Hours later Clinton -- who is scheduled to deliver a public lecture in Jamaica on October 25 -- and Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive stood in the sweltering heat before the former US Embassy that is now Bellerive's office to announce US$777 million in projects for education, business, rubble removal and other areas freshly approved by the commission they jointly lead.
Clinton singled out, without naming, Oklahoma Senator Tom Coburn for holding up an authorisation bill that could have eased the flow of money. Coburn's secret hold on the bill -- used because he objected to a US$5 million provision to create the office of a senior Haiti co-ordinator of US policy -- was revealed by an Associated Press investigation two weeks ago.
Citing "a rather bizarre system of rules in the United States Senate", Clinton said that "barely over one-half of one per cent of the money that's been approved is holding up all the rest."
"Since I believe that we are still essentially a sane as well as a humane country I believe the money will be released, and when that happens that will also give a lot of other donors encouragement to raise their money," Clinton said.
Last week, the US funds were prepared for release with the approval of a State Department spending plan. But in part because of a lack of detail it will take at least weeks and perhaps more for the funds to start being delivered on contracts such as rubble removal, a congressional staffer said.
At last Tuesday's meeting the US Government also pledged a US$120 million contribution to a World Bank-managed reconstruction fund with money for rubble removal, housing, education, business credit and budgetary support. It is not clear if that money is coming from the supplemental request funding its donors-conference pledge, or when it will be delivered.
The State Department has also gone ahead and created a nearly identical office to the one Coburn objected to, naming department veteran Thomas C Adams to the post of special Haiti co-ordinator.
But the Oklahoma Republican will not release his hold, because he does not believe he is preventing money from being spent on Haiti's reconstruction.
"Dr Coburn wants to approve additional funds without increasing the deficit and without creating duplicative roles," said Coburn staffer John Hart. "What we've seen is the typical Washington game of demonising one senator to distract the public from the incompetence in Congress and the State Department."
During his visit to the camp, Clinton donated US$500,000 to the J/P Haitian Relief Organisation co-founded by actor Sean Penn, which provides services there.