WASHINGTON, United States (CMC) — The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is warning of a lower rate of export contraction due to the stabilisation of commodity prices
In a new report released Monday, the IDB noted that Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) exports are expected to fall approximately US$50 billion, or six per cent in 2016, a lower contraction rate than the 15 per cent observed in 2015.
It said that this relative improvement was mainly due to a rebound of commodity prices with the report using detailed data for 24 countries in the region. The value of total exports should reach US$850 billion in 2016.
The annual report titled “Trade Trend Estimates— Latin America and the Caribbean”, argues that export volumes did not display sufficiently high growth rates to give a significant boost to the region's export performance, which registered a contraction for the fourth consecutive year.
The export contraction was due primarily to a fall in sales to the United States (-5 per cent) and to the region itself (-11 per cent), which together explained three-quarter of the total, and, to a lesser extent, to China (5 per cent), the rest of Asia, and the European Union (-4 per cent each).
“An acceleration of demand, particularly in the United States and in China, could sustain exports, but the resurgence of trade protectionism could bias the forecast,” stated Paolo Giordano, principal economist of the Integration and Trade Sector and the report's coordinator.
The main factor driving the region's export performance was the fall in commodity prices. Although the deflationary trend has been easing since the beginning of 2016, when signs of recovery were first observed, prices have not yet reached the levels displayed prior to their collapse at the end of 2014, with the exception of sugar and gold.
At the subregional level, the report shows that the export decline slowed down noticeably in South America, while it remained relatively stable in Mexico and in some countries of Central America and the Caribbean.
The more measured contraction for the regional aggregate was mainly due to the performance of South American exports, which benefited from the stabilisation of commodity prices. In contrast, in South America and in Mesoamerica, manufactures exports did not support a stronger recovery due to lower demand from within the region, and from the United States with regard to Mexican exports.
The prospects for a reversal of the downward trend in 2017 are associated with a scenario in which commodity prices continue to improve, and intraregional trade recovers.
Those countries whose real exchange rates have depreciated could also harness greater price competitiveness to stimulate manufactures sales and diversify their export baskets,” the report noted.