Global unemployment down, but working poverty rampant — UNTuesday, January 23, 2018
GENEVA, Switzerland (AFP) — The global unemployment rate is expected to tick down in 2018, the United Nations said yesterday, while warning that far too many workers still live in desperate poverty.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) forecast a worldwide unemployment rate of 5.5 per cent this year, a marginal improvement on the 5.6 per cent recorded in 2017, thanks to broad economic growth.
But in its flagship World Employment and Social Outlook trends report, the ILO also raised serious red flags about the health of the planet's labour market.
“Even though global unemployment has stabilised, decent work deficits remain widespread: the global economy is still not creating enough jobs,” the organisation's director general, Guy Ryder, said in a statement.
A key problem is the abundance of “vulnerable employment”, a category that includes informal work arrangements with little or no social and contractual protections.
“The significant progress achieved in the past in reducing vulnerable employment has essentially stalled since 2012,” the ILO said in a statement.
The problem is most acute in the developing world, where three out of every four workers have a “vulnerable” employment status, the report said.
The study's lead author, ILO economist Stephan Kuhn, pointed out that 40 per cent of all employed people in the developing world still live in “extreme poverty”.
Uneven economic growth and the huge concentration of global wealth in the hands of very few is expected to be a key topic at the World Economic Forum's annual meeting in Davos, which opens today.
The charity group Oxfam reported yesterday that 82 per cent of the wealth created in 2017 was controlled by the world's richest one per cent.
For ILO chief Ryder, broadening the benefits of economic growth remains the key priority.
“Additional efforts need to be put in place to ensure that the gains of growth are shared equitably,” he said.
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