This Day in History — January 28

Today is the 28th day of 2022. There are 337 days left in the year.


2008: Thousands of machete-wielding youth riot in Kenya, setting buses and homes ablaze, and hunting down members of President Mwai Kibaki's Kikuyu tribe. A month of violence triggered by rigged presidential elections gathers frightening momentum with a death toll topping 800.


1547: England's King Henry VIII dies and is succeeded by his 9-year-old son, Edward VI.

1596: English navigator Sir Francis Drake dies off Panama's coast and is buried at sea.

1689: Britain's Parliament declares that James II has abdicated.

1813: The novel Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen is first published in London, anonymously.

1846: East India Company troops defeat Sikhs at Aliwal in India.

1871: France surrenders in the Franco-Prussian War.

1885: British relief force reaches Khartoum, and the Sudan is evacuated.

1902: The Carnegie Institute, a non-profit organisation to conduct basic research and advanced education in biology, astronomy, and earth sciences is established in Washington, DC, USA.

1909: US control in Cuba is ended.

1912: A lynch mob drags former President General Eloy Alfaro and his lieutenants through the streets of Quito, Ecuador, and burn them to death.

1915: The US Coast Guard is created by an Act of Congress.

1916: Louis D Brandeis is appointed by President Woodrow Wilson to the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.

1932: Japanese troops occupy Shanghai in China.

1945: First US truck convoy reopens Burma Road in World War II.

1949: UN Security Council adopts resolution to establish a ceasefire in Indonesia, then known as the Dutch East Indies.

1961: Rwanda's provisional Government proclaims republic.

1962: US unmanned spacecraft, Ranger III, fails to hit the moon and passes it at a distance of 35,200 kilometres (22,000 miles).

1964: Riots break out in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia — known today as Harare, Zimbabwe.

1980: Six US diplomats who avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran fly out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats.

1983: Labour group Solidarity's underground leaders call on Poland's factory workers to prepare for nationwide general strike as “the only way to break down the existing dictatorship.”

1991: Soviet troops seize and shut down two Lithuanian customs posts.

1986: Space shuttle Challenger explodes moments after lift off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, killing all seven crew members.

1990: Life in Azerbaijani capital of Baku returns to normal as Armenian and Azerbaijani separatists withdraw from border regions.

1991: Soviet troops seize and shut down two Lithuanian customs posts.

1992: Leadership of National Liberation Front, which won Algeria's independence and ruled for three decades, resigns.

1993: France's ambassador to Zaire is killed by a stray bullet as soldiers riot and loot shops and foreigners' homes in Kinshasa.

1994: Three Italian journalists are killed by a mortar shell in Mostar, Bosnia.

1995: In the bloodiest day so far in Egypt's Islamic insurgency, police shoot to death 14 suspected militants, and extremists kill two policemen and two civilians.

1996: In Sarajevo, three British soldiers are killed when their armoured personnel carrier hits a land mine and a Swedish soldier dies when his vehicle slides off the road.

1997: In Algiers, an assassin shoots and kills the leader of Algeria's largest labour union — a key presidential ally and an opponent of the Islamic insurgency.

1999: India and Pakistan meet in their first cricket match in the subcontinent in 12 years. Pakistan walks away with a 12-run victory after a nail-biting finish.

2000: A plane brings 19 sick and weak-looking adolescents home to Uganda after months — or possibly years — of captivity under Ugandan rebels based in southern Sudan. Some 5,000 children are believed to have been kidnapped by the rebels over the past decade according to UNICEF.

2001: A Ukrainian vessel sinks in the Black Sea, killing at least 14 people. Five were reported missing and 32 were rescued.

2003: Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's right-wing Likud party wins the parliamentary elections, soundly defeating the centre-left Labour Party and extending Sharon's leadership for another four-year term. The Labour Party suffered its worst-ever defeat at the polls.

2007: The Israeli Government overwhelmingly approves the appointment of Raleb Majadele, the country's first Muslim Cabinet minister, billing it as an important step for a long-suffering minority.

2009: A caterpillar plague in Liberia is spreading, and has now affected 400,000 people in more than 100 villages in the West African nation, the UN says.

2010: A court rules that former French Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin did not take part in a smear campaign against President Nicolas Sarkozy, a verdict that means the two rivals may soon be sparring in the political arena again.

2011: Embattled Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak appears on television for the first time since protests erupted demanding his ouster, and says he will press ahead with social, economic and political reforms.

2013: With French support, Malian troops enter the fabled city of Timbuktu after al-Qaeda-linked militants flee into the desert, setting fire to a library that held thousands of manuscripts dating to the Middle Ages.

2014: Ukraine's prime minister resigns and parliament repeals anti-protest laws that had set off violent clashes between protesters and police, moves aimed at defusing the country's political crisis.


John Barclay, Scottish satirist (1582-1621); John Baskerville, English typographer (1716-1775); Alan Alda, US actor (1936- ); Joey Fatone Jr, US singer/game show host (1977- ); Nick Carter, US singer (1980- ); Elijah Wood, US actor (1981- ); Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer (1968- ) French President Nicolas Sarkozy (1955- ); Rapper Rick Ross (1978- ); Rapper J Cole (1985- ); Actress Ariel Winter (TV: Modern Family) is (1998- )

— AP

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