This Day in History — March 1

This is the 60th day of 2023. There are 305 days left in the year.


1999: Rwandan Hutu rebels, claiming opposition to American and British support of the country's Tutsi Government, abduct eight foreign tourists from the Ugandan rainforest and hack them to death.


1562: French Huguenots totalling 1200 are slain at the Massacre of Vassy, provoking the first war of religion in France.

1565: Rio de Janeiro is founded by Portuguese Knight Estacio de Sa.

1739: Jamaica's Maroons sign a peace treaty with the British under British Governor Edward Trelawny.

1767: King Charles III expels Roman Catholic Jesuits from Spain.

1790: President George Washington signs a measure authorising the first United States census.

1829: Brigadier General Juan Manuel de Rosas sworn in as governor of Buenos Aires and rules Argentina for 23 years.

1870: War between Paraguay and the combined forces of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay comes to an end.

1893: Inventor Nikola Tesla first publicly demonstrates radio in St Louis by transmitting electromagnetic energy without wires.

1954: Organization of American States conference first opens in Caracas, Venezuela. Puerto Rican nationalists open fire in the US House of Representatives, wounding five congressmen.

1961: US President John F Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

1981: Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands begins a hunger strike at Maze Prison in Northern Ireland but dies 65 days later.

1985: Julio Sanguinetti is sworn in as constitutional president of Uruguay, ending nine years of military rule.

1988: The South African Government introduces a Bill to outlaw foreign funding of political activity.

1989: The UN General Assembly approves US$416 million for UN's one-year plan to free Namibia from 74 years of South African rule.

1995: Director of Russia's only national television network, Vladislav Listyev is shot and killed on entering his apartment building.

1997: About 5,000 neo-Nazis march through Munich to protest an exhibit on the army's involvement in World War II atrocities.

2003: Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the self-described planner and organiser of the September 11 attacks, is captured in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

2008: Prince Harry returns to Britain when news of his secret deployment as a forward air commander in Afghanistan is leaked to the press.


Frederic Chopin, Polish romantic pianist and composer (1810-1849); Yitzhak Rabin, former Israeli prime minister (1922-1995); Harry Belafonte, US singer/actor (1927- ); Lupita Nyong'o, Kenyan-Mexican actress (1983- ); Winston "Burning Spear" Rodney OD, Jamaican roots reggae singer-songwriter (1945- ); Melaine Walker, Jamaican 400 metres hurdler (1983- )

— AP/Jamaica Observer

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