Today is the 74th day of 2023. There are 291 days left in the year.
1937: Dr Bernard Fantus establishes the world's first blood bank at Chicago's Cook County Hospital — a breakthrough for surgical procedures and emergency treatments.
44 BC: Julius Caesar is stabbed (23 times) to death in Rome by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators.
493: Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, murders King Odoacer of Italy by sword at a banquet in Ravenna.
1391: An anti-Semite monk in Seville, Spain, stirs up people to attack Jews.
1526: French Dauphin Francis and his brother Henry are exchanged as hostages for their father, Francis I, beginning four years of captivity in Spain under the Treaty of Madrid.
1848: Hungarian intellectuals stage a bloodless revolution in Budapest against the Austro-Hungarian empire; Russian troops quell it the next year.
1869: With 10 salaried players Cincinnati Red Stockings become baseball's first professional team.
1877: Cricket's inaugural Test match begins as Australia plays England at Melbourne Cricket Ground and defeats them by 45 runs in 4 days. Australian batsman Charles Bannerman completes the first Test cricket century ever, during history's first Test match in Melbourne.
1889: The world's superpowers, prepared to use their powerful warships to control the Samoan Islands with gunboat diplomacy in the 1880s, are thwarted as Mother Nature has other ideas.
1894: France and Germany agree on the boundaries between the French Congo and Cameroon.
1903: The British conquest of northern Nigeria is completed.
1917: Nicholas II, the last Russian tsar, abdicates after a humiliating defeat by the Germans; the Russian State and military begin to dissolve thereafter.
1935: Brilliant batsman George Headley steers West Indies to a one-inning victory over England in the fourth cricket Test in Kingston, Jamaica, with a patient, unbeaten 270.
1938: Nazi Germany seizes Czechoslovakia with little resistance.
1939: Adolf Hitler meets with Czech President Emil Hácha; after being told of the impending invasion by Germany, Hácha suffers a heart attack at the meeting.
1945: Billboard publishes its first album chart and the (Nat) King Cole Trio secures the number one spot.
1948: Sir Laurence Olivier appears on the cover of 0 magazine.
1954: The CBS Morning Show premieres with broadcast journalist Walter Cronkite alongside comedian and TV host Jack Paar.
1964: Elizabeth Taylor's fifth marriage is to English actor Richard Burton; they divorce in 1974 and re-marry in 1975.
1965: About a week after a civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, was halted due to violent opposition, US President Lyndon B Johnson delivers his We Shall Overcome speech in which he introduces voting rights legislation passed later that year.
1972: The Godfather, based on Mario Puzo's book and starring Marlon Brando and Al Pacino, premieres in New York City; it wins the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1973.
1977: Eight is Enough and the comedy Three's Company premiere on ABC TV.
1982: Actress Theresa Saladana is stabbed repeatedly by an obsessed fan.
1985: The first Internet domain name, symbolics.com, is registered by the Symbolics Computer Corp of Massachusetts.
1988: Israeli authorities impose a travel ban on Palestinians in occupied territories.
1989: Soviet Union's President Mikhail S Gorbachev calls for rapid measures to ease chronic Soviet food shortages.
1991: Serbian President Borisav Jovic resigns after the collective presidency fails to declare a nationwide state of emergency.
1992: A second earthquake in a short time strikes eastern Turkey, killing an estimated 800 people.
1998: CBS's 60 Minutes airs an interview with former White House employee Kathleen Willey who said President Bill Clinton had made unwelcome sexual advances toward her in the Oval Office in 1993, a charge denied by the president.
2000: In a forensic first, a grand jury in New York indicts an unidentified man for three rapes based on his DNA genetic profile.
2003: Rebels led by ousted army chief General Francois Bozize capture the Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, and the international airport while President Ange-Felix Patasse is out of the country; Bozize declares himself president.
2004: Saudi security forces kill two militants, including one considered al-Qaeda's chief of operations on the Arabian Peninsula, in a shoot-out in the capital Riyadh.
2006: A Spanish boat recovers the bodies of 24 people, believed to be African migrants, floating in waters off the coast of Mauritania, hundreds of miles south of the Canary Islands.
2007: The Islamic militant Hamas and its Fatah rivals forge a unity Palestinian Government to end more than a year of political wrangling, isolation, and bloodshed; Israel quickly rejects the new leadership, saying it fails to recognise the Jewish State.
2009: Thousands of anti-Government protesters, led by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, head to Islamabad for a planned sit-in at parliament, ramping up a power struggle that risks hobbling a vital Western ally in the fight against the Taliban and al-Qaeda.
2011: Anti-Government protests are held in several cities across Syria, considered the beginning of the country's civil war.
2019: More than 1.5 million students participate in climate change protests around the world as part of Fridays for Future, a movement started by Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg.
Jules Chevalier, French priest and founder of Sacred Heart Missionaries (1824-1907); Henri Saint Cyr, Swedish equestrian and Olympic gold medallist (1902-1979); Harry James, US band-leader (1916-1983); Christopher Gonzalez, Jamaican sculptor/painter (1943-2008); will.i.am, US rapper-musician (1975- )
– AP/Jamaica Observer
- We welcome reader comments on the top stories of the day. Some comments may be republished on the website or in the newspaper; email addresses will not be published.
- Please understand that comments are moderated and it is not always possible to publish all that have been submitted. We will, however, try to publish comments that are representative of all received.
- We ask that comments are civil and free of libellous or hateful material. Also please stick to the topic under discussion.
- Please do not write in block capitals since this makes your comment hard to read.
- Please don't use the comments to advertise. However, our advertising department can be more than accommodating if emailed: email@example.com.
- If readers wish to report offensive comments, suggest a correction or share a story then please email: firstname.lastname@example.org.