This Day in History - November 16
Lionel Messi makes his official debut for FC Barcelona at the age of 16 when he comes on as a substiutute against Porto in 2003. (Photo: AFP)

Today is the 320th day of 2022. There are 45 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

1945: UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is founded.

OTHER EVENTS

1959: The Sound of Music by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II opens at the Lunt Fontanne Theater, New York City, and runs for 1443 performances.

1960: Regarded as The King of Hollywood, Clarke Gable, who epitomised the American ideal of masculinity for three decades as the leading man in more than 60 motion pictures, dies this day of coronary thrombosis after finishing work on The Misfits.

1967: Twenty-three Turkish Cypriots die fighting on the island of Cyprus.

1970: On this day Pakistani officials say at least a quarter-million people perished in the typhoon and tidal wave which struck the Bay of Bengal.

1973: Skylab 3, carrying a crew of three astronauts, is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on an 84-day mission. Science fiction author Isaac Asimov divorces Gertrude Blugerman after 31 years of marriage.

1975: A study of the US tax system concludes that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is inconsistent and arbitrary in its practices. The report is the first significant outside investigation of IRS practices in 30 years.

1983: Syrian-backed rebel forces overrun Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Yasser Arafat's last military stronghold in Lebanon, the Beddawi refugee camp on the northern outskirts of Tripoli.

1991: Boris Yeltsin issues a series of decrees that effectively transfer control of his republic's economy from the Soviet central government to the Russian Federation.

1992: Adding to sanctions, the United Nations orders a naval blockade of Yugoslavia.

1993: Actor Jim Carrey files for divorce from Melissa Womer after six years of marriage.

1994: The Ukrainian Parliament approves the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

1995: An international war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, indicts two Bosnian Serb leaders — Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic — in the killings of Muslims in Srebrenica.

1996: A building housing Russian military personnel and their families near Chechnya collapses after an explosion, killing and trapping 13 people.

1997: Citing medical reasons, China frees its most well known democracy advocate, Wei Jingsheng, and puts him on a plane to the United States.

1998: Judges at the war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, pass down their first convictions for crimes against Bosnian Serbs. A Bosnian Croat and two Muslims are convicted for murdering, torturing and raping Serb prisoners in 1992.

1999: The United Nations says it failed to help save thousands of Bosnian Muslims from mass murder by Serbs in 1995 because of errors and misjudgement, as over 2,500 bodies are found and experts predict thousands more will be discovered.

2003: A 16-year-old Lionel Messi makes his official debut for FC Barcelona when he comes on as a substitute in a friendly against Porto. Voters in Serbia and Montenegro fail for the third time to elect a president, with turnout reaching only about 39 per cent in the balloting.

2008: Iraq's Cabinet overwhelmingly approves a security pact with the United States, ending prolonged negotiations to allow American forces to remain for three more years in the country they first occupied in 2003.

2009: The Twilight saga: New Moon, based on the book by Stephenie Meyer, directed by Chris Weitz, and starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson, premieres in Los Angeles. President Barack Obama declares the world is urgently watching for a "meeting of the minds" between the US and China as he meets in Beijing with President Hu Jintao on the globe's biggest issues — climate change, economic recession, nuclear proliferation, and more.

2010: A rare pink diamond smashes the world record for a jewel at auction in Geneva, selling for more than US$46 million to a well known gem dealer.

2011: President Barack Obama says he will send military aircraft and up to 2,500 marines to northern Australia for a training hub to help allies and protect American interests across Asia, signalling US determination to counter a rising China.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Three-time Jamaican Olympian Bert Cameron celebrates a birthday today. (Photos: Collin Reid courtesy of Courts, Alliance Investments, KFC and JNBS)

Tiberius, second Roman emperor (42 BC-AD 37); Kalakaua, the last king and second-to-last monarch of Hawaii (1836-1891); Elpidio Quirono, sixth president of the Phillipines (1890-1956); Paul Hindemith, German composer (1895-1963); George S Kaufman, US playwright (1889-1961); Jose Saramago, Portuguese writer (1922-2010); Bert Cameron, three-time Jamaican Olympian (1959- ); Frank Bruno, English boxer (1961- ); Diana Krall, Canadian jazz singer (1964- )

– AP/Jamaica Observer

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