This Day in History - September 19
On this day, 1893, New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote.

Today is the 262nd day of 2023. There are 103 days left in the year.


1961: Jamaica holds a referendum on its continued membership in the West Indies Federation; the majority vote to with draw.


1893: New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote.

1972: An Israeli diplomat is killed and another injured when a letter bomb explodes at the Embassy of Israel in London.

1983: St Kitts and Nevis in the Caribbean become independent of Britain.

1984: China and Great Britain announce their agreement to transfer Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1997.

1985: A magnitude-8.1 earthquake in Mexico City kills an estimated 10,000 and leaves 250,000 homeless.

1991: In the Ötztal Alps on the Italian-Austrian border, German tourists discover a mummified human body (later known as the Iceman) that was subsequently determined to date from 3300 bce.

1994: US troops peacefully enter Haiti to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

2001: Islamic clerics urge terrorist suspect Osama bin Laden to leave Afghanistan voluntarily, but set no deadline for him.

2003: Venezuela suspends oil shipments to the Dominican Republic (DR) — which was previously sold about 110,000 barrels of Venezuelan oil a day, or nearly 70 per cent of DR's supply) — because of a plot being hatched there to overthrow Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.

2004: Hu Jintao becomes the undisputed leader of China as the country completes its first orderly transfer of power in the communist era with the departure of former President Jiang Zemin.

2005: A parliamentary commission announces that Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski and six other politicians should face a special court over allegations of abuse in dealing with a partly State-owned oil company.

2006: Thailand's army commander stages a coup, ousting Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra while he is in New York, circling his offices with tanks, declaring martial law, and revoking the constitution.

2008: China's food safety crisis widens after the industrial chemical melamine is found in milk produced by three of the country's leading dairy companies.

2010: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad says "the future belongs to Iran" and challenges the United States to accept that his country has a major role in the world, on the first day of his visit to the US to attend the annual General Assembly of the United Nations.

2011: Panamanian baseball pitcher Mariano Rivera registers his record-setting 602nd career save; on retirement he had an unprecedented 652 saves and was considered the sport's greatest relief pitcher.

2013: Pope Francis warns the Catholic Church's structure might "fall like a house of cards" if it does not balance its divisive rules about abortion, gays, and contraception with the greater need to make it a merciful, more welcoming place for all.

2014: Sierra Leone begins a three-day lockdown to allow volunteers to go house to house seeking Ebola victims and disseminating information.

2017: USA President Donald Trump addresses the United Nations, vowing to "totally destroy North Korea" if it threatens America.

2019: According to an analysis published in the journal Science, North America has lost three billion birds (29 per cent) since 1970.

2022: Banks in Lebanon close for three days after a series of hold-ups by people trying to obtain their own money. Scientists discover the site of the Amazon's tallest tree — an angelim vermelho at 88.5 metres (290 feet) tall and 9.9 metres (32 feet) wide — at Iratapuru River Nature Reserve, northern Brazil.


George Cadbury, British chocolate manufacturer of Cadbury chocolate (1839-1922); Brian Epstein, English music entrepreneur and Beatles manager (1934-1967); Twiggy Lawson, British actress-former model (1949- ); Sunita Williams, American astronaut (1965- )

– AP/ Jamaica Observer

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