Lead with empathy during the COVID-19 crisisSunday, April 19, 2020
BY LESLIE HAMMER &
IN these uncertain and highly stressful times, there is heightened reliance on managers and supervisors to maintain the well-being, health and safety of their workforce.
During the COVID-19 crisis, leaders are performing their typical roles under the additional stress of workforce instability and escalated safety and health risks, while also managing their own mounting work-life challenges and staying informed about rapidly changing policies.
And, with an increased prevalence of mental health issues experienced by workers on the front line of the novel coronavirus pandemic, supervisors and managers have been called upon to recognise when their employees may need additional psychological help as well.
It feels like a lot because it is.
Employers will not be able to lead effectively if they are also struggling. On an aeroplane, passengers are told to put on their oxygen masks before helping others with theirs. The same is true here.
As scholars of health, with more than 30 years specialising in supervisor support behaviours, we created online training on supervisor support strategies to help staff during a pandemic.
We believe that in order to model self-care and support staff, leaders have to continue taking care of their own needs.
Leadership in a pandemic
Extreme stress can affect the way we act – typically cool-headed employees may suddenly seem frazzled, teams formerly consistent in meeting deadlines and turning in high-quality work may become less predictable.
This is not a time for the “tough love” approach to management to get a team functioning well again.
Our research into supervisor support for total worker health has revealed that, for most employees, social support and understanding are key ingredients to helping alleviate stress and adjust work-life expectations.
It is important for supervisors and managers to model self-care while supporting and responding to their employees' mental health needs during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This can be done using two evidence-based methods of effective leadership: Emotional support and role modelling.
Support emotional health
Emotional support involves letting employees know that they are being cared for and that they should feel comfortable discussing work and non-work-related challenges.
Bosses should convey that they are sensitive to the impacts the COVID-19 pandemic has on employees' lives and work. Emotional support techniques include:
• Providing comfort and monitoring for signs of struggle such as distress, social withdrawal and poor performance, and knowing when to refer an employee to professionals.
• Recognising that some employees may have families and loved ones who are requiring additional attention, so openly ask employees how they are managing both work and non-work activities.
• For those without others in the house during physical distancing ordinances, offering check-ins and encouraging them to virtually connect with colleagues, friends and family will help.
• Reinforcing to your employees that you are sympathetic and that you'll maintain an open-door policy – virtually – for them to talk through issues when needed.
Model healthy work habits
Role modelling requires supervisors to display, through their own behaviours and guidance, how to integrate work-life obligations and engage in self-care during a crisis.
Simply put, leaders should be setting an example for their teams. Effective role modelling behaviours include:
• Making sure you stay up to date on safety and public health COVID-19 responses relevant to your team.
• Knowing about the most up to date wellness resources available to you and your workers. Remind people of these resources regularly in meetings and consider posting information about wellness resources in your virtual workspaces, on employee websites and other shared spaces.
• Defining your own boundaries and preferences regarding work hours, response times and disclosure around family obligations. Then, projecting consistency in your ability to adhere to these boundaries.
• Using paid time off and sick leave when needed, and encouraging your staff to do the same, or helping your staff to find resources to assist with leave.
Promote work-life balance
Additional ways supervisors can support employees' work-life balance and reduce undue burden include identifying projects with flexible deadlines, helping prioritise the most important tasks, removing irrelevant tasks, and discouraging newly remote employees from feeling like they need to be “on the clock” constantly.
Research shows that employees with home-based caretaking responsibilities (for example children, ageing parents) also perform better and maintain higher levels of well-being when work-family issues are factored into policies and protocols.
When communicating with staff during this time, it is critically important to lead with empathy, strive for flexibility, and model ways to prioritise health and well-being.
Taken from the Associated Press , this article was originally published on The Conversation , an independent and non-profit source of news, analysis and commentary from academic experts.