This Day in History — August 17
Marcus Garvey, Jamaica's first national hero, is born on this day, 1887.

This is the 229th day of 2022. There are 136 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

1991: Italy repatriates the last of an estimated 18,000 Albanian refugees who arrived in southern Italy by boat earlier in the month. The Italian Government admitted the offer of asylum was a ruse to persuade Albanians to give up their often-violent resistance. Only 154 refugees stayed in Italy.

OTHER EVENTS

1896: Gold is discovered in Klondike territory, Canada, attracting 100,000 adventurers in a two-year rush.

1920: Romania joins Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia in alliance that becomes Triple Entente, where each country pledges not to conclude peace separately.

1945: Sukarno proclaims Indonesian Independence, but it is refused by the Dutch.

1954: Two-thousand religious pilgrims drown in a flash flood at the Muslim shrine of the Imam Zadeh Davud in Farahzad, Iran.

1962: East German border guards shoot and kill an 18-year-old who attempts to cross over the Berlin Wall into the western sector.

1964: Congolese Premier Moise Tshombe appeals to five African nations to help put down rebellion in the Congo.

1969: Hurricane Camille hits the US Gulf Coast, killing 248 people.

1972: Israeli Defence Minister Moshe Dayan offers an interim peace agreement with Egypt based on a truce line dividing the Sinai Peninsula.

1976: Tidal wave on Philippine island of Mindanao leaves estimated 8,000 people dead or missing.

1980: Diplomatic officials close the British Embassy in Iran because of hostile demonstrations.

1985: A car packed with dynamite explodes outside a crowded supermarket in Lebanon's Christian east Beirut, killing at least 50 people and wounding 80.

1986: Rescuers continue evacuating by boat more than 100,000 people marooned in flood-swept, south-eastern India.

1988: Pakistan's President Zia ul-Haq and US Ambassador Arnold Raphel are killed when their Pakistani military plane explodes.

1990: Iraq announces policy of holding foreign nationals in Iraq and Kuwait as human shields against attack.

1992: Mortar shells blast a crowded refugee hotel in Sarajevo, Bosnia, setting it ablaze. At least two people die.

1993: Miners massacre 73 Yanomami Indians in the Brazilian Amazon.

1994: Food distribution to 350,000 Rwandan refugees in camps in Congo is suspended because of riots and thefts by machete-wielding gangs.

1996: Despite an appeal for restraint from King Hussein, stone-throwing demonstrators in Amman, Jordan, clash with police for a second day to protest the doubling of bread prices.

1997: The NATO-led peace force intervenes to keep a stand-off between policemen backing Bosnian Serb President Biljana Plavsic and her opponents from breaking into violence.

1999: A powerful magnitude-7.4 earthquake hits western Turkey, killing at least 17,200 people and injuring more than 20,000. Officials estimate that the numbers are higher as many families buried relatives without notifying authorities.

2001: A protest in Guyana over the prior shooting deaths of three Muslims leaves four persons dead after police open fire on the protesters.

2003: Reuters cameraman Mazen Dana, 41, is shot dead, apparently by US soldiers, while filming outside Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. Dana was videotaping outside the prison after a mortar attack in which six prisoners were killed and about 60 others were wounded.

2004: Louis-Jodel Chamblain, a leader of a paramilitary group in Haiti, is acquitted of killing some 3,000 people. The 14-hour murder trial angers human rights groups and provokes criticism of the new, US-backed Government.

2006: Afghan President Hamid Karzai condemns a US air strike that Afghan officials say killed 10 border policemen.

2008: Israel's Cabinet approves the release of some 200 Palestinian prisoners as a goodwill gesture to the Government of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

2009: Abdel Baset al-Megrahi, the Libyan convicted of the 1988 Lockerbie bombing, is expected to drop his appeal — a step that could lead to his rapid release and puts Scotland's left-of-centre Government into a rare international spotlight.

2010: A Palestinian who broke into the Turkish Embassy in Israel while trying to take hostages and demanding asylum is turned over to Israeli authorities, ending a tense stand-off.

2013: Egyptian security forces storm a Cairo mosque after a heavy exchange of gunfire with armed men shooting down from a minaret, rounding up hundreds of supporters of the country's ousted president who had sought refuge there overnight after clashes killed 173 people.

2014: Kurdish forces wrest back part of Iraq's largest dam from Islamic State militants who had captured it less than two weeks before.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (1601-1665); Jan III Sobieski, king of Poland (1629-1696); William Carey, English pioneer missionary (1761-1834); Marcus Garvey, black leader and Jamaica's first national hero (1887-1940); Mae West, US actress (1892-1980); Maureen O'Hara, Irish-born actress (1920-2015 ); V(idiadhar) S(urajprasad) Naipaul, Trinidadian writer (1932-2018); Robert De Niro, US actor (1943- ); Sean Penn, US actor (1960- ).

– AP and Jamaica Observer

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