This Day in History
The founder of the first company to manufacture blue jeans, thus making it one of the world’s most popular clothing items, Levi Strauss of Levi Strauss & Co, dies this day, 1902, at age 73.

This is the 269th day of 2022. There are 96 days left in the year.


2008: The list of products caught in China's tainted milk scandal grows to include baby cereal in Hong Kong and snack foods in Japan.


1580: Francis Drake brings his ship, the Golden Hind, laden with gold and spices, into Plymouth harbour, England, becoming the first captain to circumnavigate the globe.

1679: Danes, by the Treaty of Lund, give up their claim to what is now southern Sweden.

1687: Venetian artillery scores a direct hit on the Parthenon in Athens, used by the Turks as a powder magazine; the explosion seriously damages the temple.

1789: Thomas Jefferson is appointed America's first secretary of state and John Jay, the first chief justice of the United States.

1815: Anti-liberal Holy Alliance is formed between Austria, Russia and Prussia to maintain the Vienna Settlement, which revised the map of Europe.

1820: Daniel Boone, American frontiersman who was most famous for his exploration that made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States, dies this day of natural causes at age 85.

1850: France restricts press freedom.

1901: Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana).

1902: German fashion designer Levi Strauss — who founded Levi Strauss & Co, the first company to manufacture blue jeans, thus making it one of the world's most popular clothing items — dies this day at age 73.

1907: New Zealand becomes a self-governing dominion within the British Commonwealth.

1918: Allies launch the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, involving more than one million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI that eventually breaks Germany's Hindenburg Line.

1945: The Government of Argentina reimposes a state of siege, arresting hundreds of people who have shown opposition to the regime.

1950: The United Nations forces the recapture of Seoul, capital of South Korea.

1954: An estimated 1,168 people die when the ferryboat Toya Maru capsizes off Hokkaido Island, Japan.

1960: Cuban leader Fidel Castro delivers a four-hour, 29-minute-long speech at the United Nations. The first in a series of historic televised debates (seen by some 85 to 120 million viewers) between US presidential candidates John F Kennedy and Vice-President Richard M Nixon is broadcast.

1962: Imam Badr is driven from power in Yemen, ending a more than 1,000-year dynasty.

1965: Former President Juan Bosch returns to the Dominican Republic from exile in Puerto Rico. His homecoming is marred by shooting outbreaks.

1969: The leftist military junta overthrows the Government of Bolivia. The Beatles release the Abbey Road album, the group's final recordings as a quartet. American sitcom The Brady Bunch premieres on ABC and became an enduring pop culture phenomenon.

1970: Jordan's King Hussein names a new government to placate critics who accused him of plotting to liquidate Palestinian guerrillas in his country.

1976: Leaders of five black African nations decline to accept the plan presented by Rhodesia's Prime Minister Ian Smith to achieve black-majority rule in Rhodesia.

1980: The Cuban Government abruptly closes Mariel Harbour, ending the freedom flotilla of Cuban refugees into the United States that began the previous April.

1983: Soviet military officer Lt Col Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war by judging a supposed missile attack from the US as an error. Australia II wins the America's Cup yacht race, the first non-US winner.

1984: Britain and China initial an agreement that will return Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1997.

1989: Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze tells the UN General Assembly that Moscow will join the United States in reducing or destroying all chemical weapons.

1992: South African President F W de Klerk and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela end a four-month stalemate over political violence and the structure of a post-apartheid government.

1997: Earthquakes in central Italy kill 11 people and cause the collapse of the Basilica of St Francis of Assisi.

1998: Vladimir Meciar's party loses in the Slovakian parliamentary elections, forcing a change of Government in central Europe's bastion of authoritarianism.

1999: Explosions rip through a busy shopping area in the central Mexican city of Celaya, killing 61 people and injuring more than 300 others.

2001: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres meet at the Gaza International Airport in the Gaza Strip to move forward with measures for an Israeli-Palestinian ceasefire.

2002: An ocean ferry owned and operated by Senegal capsizes off the coast of Gambia in the Atlantic Ocean, en route to the Senegalese capital of Dakar. About 1,034 people perish and 64 are rescued.

2003: The Katsina State Sharia Court of Appeals in northern Nigeria overturns the conviction of Amina Lawal, who had been sentenced to death by stoning under Islamic law after she was accused of having a child out of wedlock.

2004: Armed militiamen surge into a border area near a western village where some of the first Darfur refugees attempting to return to their raided homes headed, raising further concerns about how quickly 1.4 million displaced Sudanese will be able to return home.

2006: Romania and Bulgaria win clearance to join the European Union in 2008 but face some of the toughest terms ever for membership in the bloc.

2008: Award-winning actor and entrepreneur Paul Newman dies this day of lung cancer at age 83.

2009: Pope Benedict XVI seeks to reach out to the heavily secular people of the Czech Republic, decrying the "wounds" left by atheistic communism and urging them to rediscover their Christian roots.

2010: President Hugo Chavez holds on to a congressional majority in Venezuela's elections but his opponents make gains that could help them challenge his grip on power.

2011: Two thousand years after they were written and decades after they were found in desert caves, some of the world-famous Dead Sea Scrolls go online for the first time in a project launched by Israel's national museum and the web giant Google.

2012: Syrian rebels strike deep into the fortress-like inner sanctum of President Bashar Assad's rule in Damascus, detonating two car bombs that engulf the army headquarters in flames.

2016: Actress Naomi Watts and actor Liv Schreiber announce their separation after 11 years together.


Francis of Assisi, Catholic friar, preacher and saint (1181-1226); Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate (1849-1936); T(homas) S(tearns) Eliot, British writer and Nobel laureate (1888-1965); Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (1889-1976); Pope Paul VI (Italian Giovanni Montini) (1897-1978); George Gershwin, US songwriter (1898-1937); Selvin Uriah Hastings, first native bishop of Moravian Church of Jamaica (1916-1991); Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, and the ex-wife of Nelson Mandela (1936-2018); Olivia Newton-John, British-Australian singer-actress (1948-2022 ); Linda Hamilton, US actress (1956- ); Serena Williams, tennis player (1981- )

– AP/Jamaica Observer

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