Today is the 215th day of 2022. There are 150 days left in the year.
2005: French authorities find 351 foetuses and stillborn babies stored in bags and jars at a Paris hospital.
1460: King James II of Scotland is killed by the blast of a cannon saluting the arrival of his wife, Queen Mary, at Roxburgh Castle, England.
1492: Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain, looking for a route to India across the Atlantic. He encounters the New World instead.
1589: Henry of Navarre, first of the Bourbon line, succeeds the assassinated Henry III as king of France.
1807: Former United States Vice-President Aaron Burr goes on trial before a federal court in Richmond, Virginia, charged with treason. (He is acquitted less than a month later.)
1914: Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France, beginning World War I.
1916: Irish-born British diplomat Roger Casement, a strong advocate of independence for Ireland, is hanged for treason.
1921: Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refuses to reinstate the former Chicago White Sox players implicated in the "Black Sox" scandal, despite their acquittals in a jury trial.
1934: Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German chancellor and president, declaring himself "führer" (leader).
1936: Jesse Owens of the United States wins the first of his four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics as he takes the 100-metre sprint.
1943: US Army Lieutenant General George S Patton slaps a private at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice. (Patton was later ordered by General Dwight D Eisenhower to apologise for this and a second, similar episode.) Anti-Nazi demonstrations are held in Milan, Genoa and other northern Italian cities during World War II.
1949: The National Basketball Association is formed as a merger of the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League.
1956: Gold Coast League Assembly adopts Kwame Nkrumah's resolution demanding independence from Britain.
1958: The nuclear-powered submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater.
1966: Comedian Lenny Bruce, whose raunchy brand of satire and dark humour landed him in trouble with the law, is found dead in his Los Angeles home; he was 40.
1969: Israeli Government leaders announce they will retain the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip and a major part of the eastern and southern Sinai Peninsula — the areas captured from the Arabs in the June 1967 war.
1972: US Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union to limit the use of missile systems capable of defending against missile-delivered nuclear weapons. (The US unilaterally withdraws from the treaty in 2002.)
1974: The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) declares a de facto ceasefire between rebel and Portuguese troops.
1981: US air traffic controllers go on strike, despite a warning from President Ronald Reagan they would be fired, which they were.
1987: The Iran-Contra congressional hearings end with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Ronald Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
1988: Hard-line leader Sein Lwin clamps indefinite martial law on the capital of Myanmar.
1990: The United States and the Soviet Union jointly condemn Iraq's invasion of Kuwait while Iraqi troops begin massing along Kuwaiti border with Saudi Arabia.
1991: Russian branch formally breaks off from the Soviet Union's Communist Party to form a new party led by reform-minded communists.
1994: Arkansas carries out the nation's first triple execution in 32 years. Stephen G Breyer is sworn in as the Supreme Court's newest justice in a private ceremony at Chief Justice William H Rehnquist's Vermont summer home.
1995: Delegates from some 100 nations agree at the UN on a global treaty to prevent overfishing on the high seas.
1997: Political moderate Mohammad Khatami takes over as president of Iran.
1999: The US Justice Department rules that the Government must pay the heirs of Abraham Zapruder US$16 million for his film of President John F Kennedy's assassination.
2000: The European Union opens an antitrust case against Microsoft.
2001: The International Monetary Fund announces it will loan US$1.2 billion to Argentina and extend a US$15-billion line of credit to Brazil.
2002: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian calls for legislation that will allow a referendum to be conducted on whether to declare independence from China.
2003: The United Arab Emirates-based Al Arabiya satellite television network broadcasts an audiotape warning allegedly from Ayman al-Zawahiri, a top deputy of al-Qaeda, that the US will pay a "dear price" if it harms any prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
2007: A 94-year-old great-great-grandmother, Phyllis Turner, who left school at the age of 12, becomes the world's oldest recipient of a master's degree from the University of Adelaide in Australia. Toyota says its April-June 2007 profit jumped 32.3 per cent to a then-record high for a quarter, lifted by strong overseas sales and a weaker yen. Iraqis welcome home their soccer team which had won the Asian Cup.
2008: At least 145 people are killed in a stampede of pilgrims at a remote Hindu temple in India.
2009: Huge crowds reminiscent of the 1986 "people power" demonstration take to Manila's streets to honour the passing of former President Corazon Aquino who captured the hearts of Filipinos by ousting a brutal dictator and keeping democracy alive in the Philippines.
2012: The UN General Assembly overwhelmingly denounces Syria's crackdown on dissent in a symbolic effort meant to push the deadlocked Security Council, and the world at large, into action on stopping the country's civil war. Michael Phelps rallies to win the 100-metre butterfly for his third gold of the London Games and the 17th of his career. Missy Franklin sets a world record in the 200 backstroke for the 17-year-old's third gold in London. Falling at speeds of up to 220 mph, 138 skydivers shatter the vertical skydiving world record as they fly heads-down in a massive snowflake formation in northern Illinois. (This record was in turn eclipsed in 2015 by 164 skydivers plunging over central Illinois.)
2016: President Barack Obama cuts short the sentences of 214 federal inmates, including 67 life sentences, in what the White House calls the largest batch of commutations on a single day in more than a century. An Emirates Boeing 777 crash-lands in Dubai and catches fire; all 300 people on-board survive but one firefighter is killed.
2021: Jamaican Elaine Thompson-Herah becomes the first woman to win the 100-metre and 200-metre sprint double at two consecutive Olympic Games.
Koshaku Yamagata Aritomo, first prime minister of Japan (1838-1922); Dolores del Rio, US-Mexican film star (1905-1983); Phyllis Dorothy (PD) James, British mystery writer (1920-2014); Tony Bennett, US singer (1926- ); Martin Sheen, US actor (1940- ); Martha Stewart, US lifestyle guru (1941- ).
— AP and Jamaica Observer