This Day in History — December 1
Sir Clifford Campbell was appointed governor general of Jamaica on this day 1962. Immediately after his official swearing-in he took up office with gusto and began an islandwide tour to impress upon Jamaicans the meaning of his appointment in the context of an independent Jamaica that had thrown off colonial status.

Today is the 335th day of 2022. There are 30 days left in the year.


1962: Sir Clifford Campbell is appointed as governor general of Jamaica. He is the first Jamaican-born individual to fill that position.


1640: Portugal revolts against Spanish control and becomes independent under John IV.

1813: Allies agree to invade France after Napoleon Bonaparte's vague replies to peace terms.

1821: The Dominican Republic declares independence from Spain.

1824: The presidential election is turned over to the US House of Representatives when a deadlock develops among John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H Crawford and Henry Clay. Adams is declared the winner.

1887: Portugal secures the secession of Macao from China.

1913: The first US drive-in automobile service station opens in Pittsburgh.

1918: Croatia becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes — later Yugoslavia.

1925: Through the Locarno Treaties Belgium, Britain, Italy, Germany and France agree to a mutual peace in Europe.

1934: Sergei Kirov, a trusted aide of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin but also a possible rival, is assassinated, prompting Stalin to purge the Communist Party.

1935: Chiang Kai-Shek is elected president of Kuomintang, China's ruling party.

1948: Arab conference at Jericho proclaims Abdullah of Transjordan King of Palestine.

1954: United States signs mutual security pact with Nationalist China — now Taiwan.

1955: Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, defies the law by refusing to give up her seat to a white man aboard a Montgomery, Alabama city bus. She is arrested, sparking a year-long boycott of buses by blacks.

1959: Representatives of 12 countries, including the United States, sign a treaty in Washington setting aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, free from military activity.

1962: India rejects Chinese proposals for cease-fire and negotiations over disputed border territory.

1965: An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States — The Maribel airlift — begins. Thousands of Cubans are allowed to leave their homeland.

1971: The "Croatian Spring", a movement for more independence within Yugoslavia, is crushed.

1978: US President Jimmy Carter places more than 56 million acres (22.4 million hectares) of Alaska's federal lands into the national parks system.

1988: Benazir Bhutto is named Pakistan's prime minister, becoming the first woman to lead a modern-day Muslim nation.

1990: British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel between their countries finally meet after knocking out a passage in a service tunnel.

1991: Ukrainians vote nine to one in favour of independence from Soviet Union in a referendum.

1993: The United States and Britain increase pressure on Belgrade ahead of Bosnian peace talks by stopping a Russian proposal to supply natural gas to Yugoslavia during the winter.

1995: Prosecutors in South Africa formally charge former Defence Minister General Magnus Malan and 19 others with the murders of 13 people in 1987.

1997: Historians say banks in Switzerland received three times more gold than previously believed from the Nazis during World War II and that as much as one-sixth was stolen from concentration camp victims.

1999: Scientists announce for the first time they have virtually mapped an entire human chromosome, one of the chains of molecules that bear the genetic recipe for human life.

2000: Vicente Fox is elected president of Mexico, ending the seven-decade political dynasty of the Institutional Revolutionary Party. The election marks the first peaceful transfer of power to an opposition party in Mexico's history.

2001: Japan's Crown Prince Naruhito's wife, Crown Princess Masako, gives birth to a daughter, the couple's first child, and long-awaited royal heir.

2007: Colombian government officials release a letter written by former presidential candidate, Ingrid Betancourt, and videos that are the first evidence in years that she and other rebel-held hostages including three US military contractors may still be alive.

2008: One of the highest tides in its history brings Venice, Italy, to a virtual halt, flooding its historic St Mark's Square and rekindling a debate over a plan to build moveable flood barriers.

2009: President Barack Obama sends 30,000 more US troops to Afghanistan, accelerating a risky and expensive war build-up, even as he assures the nation that US forces will begin coming home in July 2011.

2010: A new study suggests there are a mind-blowing 300 sextillion stars, or three times as many as scientists previously calculated. That is a three followed by 23 zeros. Or three trillion times 100 billion.


Gerard Swope, US industrialist (1872-1957); Rex Stout, US mystery writer (1886-1975); Walter Alston US baseball manager (1911-1984); Mary Martin, US actress (1913-1990); former Vietnamese President Le Duc Anh (1920-2019); Woody Allen, US director (1935- ); Bette Midler, US singer/actress (1945- ); Jeremy Northam, British actor (1961- )

— AP/Jamaica Observer

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