This Day in History — November 23
Jamaican legendary "Queen of Reggae" Marcia Griffiths celebrates another birthday today.

Today is the 327th day of 2022. There are 38 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

1998: The European Union lifts a worldwide export ban on British beef. The ban was imposed after experts announced a possible link between mad cow disease and a fatal disease in humans.

OTHER EVENTS

1584: The English Parliament expels Jesuits.

1644: Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton decrying censorship, is published.

1835: Henry Burden patents a horseshoe manufacturing machine in Troy, New York.

1848: The Female Medical Educational Society is established in Boston, Massachusetts, the same year the all-male American Medical Association is formed.

1852: Just past midnight, a sharp jolt likely caused by heavy rains causes Lake Merced, California, to drop 30 feet (9m).

1863: A patent is granted for a process of making colour photographs.

1868: Louis Ducos du Hauron patents the trichrome colour photo process.

1869: The clipper Cutty Sark is launched In Dumbarton, Scotland, one of the last clippers ever built and the only one still surviving.

1876: Columbia, Harvard and Princeton form the Intercollegiate Football Association.

1889: Debut of the first jukebox at Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco, USA.

1890: King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter, Princess Wilhelmina, to inherit.

1891: Deodoroda Fonseca, the first president of Brazil, is ousted by a navy revolt.

1892: Pierre de Coubertin launches a plan for the modern Olympic Games at the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques annual general meeting.

1897: American inventor Andrew Jackson Beard invents the "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars. The portable pencil sharpener is patented by American inventor John Lee Love.

1904: The third Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in St Louis.

1909: The Wright brothers form a million-dollar corporation to manufacture aeroplanes.

1913: Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers

1921: US President Warren G Harding signs the Willis Campell Act (anti-beer Bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes.

1935: Lincoln Ellsworth lands on Ellsworth Land, Antarctica, and claims it for the United States, a claim the US Government has never taken up.

1945: Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat and butter, ends.

1963: The first episode of the British science-fiction television series Doctor Who airs, and the show later becomes a landmark of British popular culture.

1971: China takes its seat as a permanent member of UN Security Council.

1989: At least 300,000 people jam Prague's Wenceslas Square to demand democratic reforms in Czechoslovakia.

1990: British author Roald Dahl — best known for his irreverent children's books including James and the Giant Peach (1961) and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964) — dies in Oxford, England. Iraq ends a curfew in occupied Kuwait but begins calling up army reservists in their thirties.

1993: Doggystyle, the debut album by Snoop Doggy Dogg, is released; it later wins Billboard Album of the Year in 1994.

1999: Kuwait's Parliament rejects a decree giving women the right to vote and run for office.

2000: The US presidential election stretches into the Thanksgiving Day holiday without a president-elect as the fierce tug of war between George W Bush and Al Gore over Florida's crucial electoral votes reaches the US Supreme Court.

2005: Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is confirmed the winner in Liberia's first post-war elections; the new president says her victory marks a new beginning for her country and for African women.

2006: In London a rare radioactive substance is used to kill ex-KGB spy-turned-Kremlin critic Alexander Litvinenko, who called Russian President Vladimir Putin "barbaric and ruthless" and blamed him personally for the poisoning.

2010: In a seismic shift on one of the most profound — and extremely contentious — Roman Catholic teachings, the Vatican says that condoms are the lesser of two evils when used to curb the spread of AIDS, even if their use prevents a pregnancy.

2011: Yemen's autocratic leader Ali Abdullah Saleh agrees to step down after months of demonstrations against his 33-year rule, pleasing the US and its Gulf allies.

2012: American actor Larry Hagman, from 1965 sitcom I Dream of Jeannie and as JR in TV soap opera Dallas from 1978-1991, dies this day at age 81 due to complications from throat cancer.

2018: The US federal climate report finds that climate change will reduce the economy by 10 per cent by 2100, with US$141 billion in costs from heat-related deaths and US$118 billion from sea level rise.

2019: The Sumatran rhino is officially declared extinct in Malaysia after the last-known specimen, 25-year-old Iman, dies of cancer in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Thomas Birch, English historian (1705-1766); Billy the Kid (William Henry McCarty, Jr), frontier outlaw (1859-1881); Boris Karloff, British-born actor in 1931's Frankenstein (1887-1969); Paul Celan, Romanian poet (1920-1970); Vo Van Kiet, former Vietnamese prime minister (1922-2008); Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer (1933- ); Marcia Griffiths, Jamaican legendary "Queen of Reggae" (1949- ); Bruce Hornsby, US singer (1954- ); Oded Fehr, Israeli actor (1970- ); Miley Cyrus (Destiny Hope Cyrus), US actress and singer (1992- )

— AP/ Jamaica Observer

Now you can read the Jamaica Observer ePaper anytime, anywhere. The Jamaica Observer ePaper is available to you at home or at work, and is the same edition as the printed copy available at https://bit.ly/epaper-login

HOUSE RULES

  1. We welcome reader comments on the top stories of the day. Some comments may be republished on the website or in the newspaper; email addresses will not be published.
  2. Please understand that comments are moderated and it is not always possible to publish all that have been submitted. We will, however, try to publish comments that are representative of all received.
  3. We ask that comments are civil and free of libellous or hateful material. Also please stick to the topic under discussion.
  4. Please do not write in block capitals since this makes your comment hard to read.
  5. Please don't use the comments to advertise. However, our advertising department can be more than accommodating if emailed: advertising@jamaicaobserver.com.
  6. If readers wish to report offensive comments, suggest a correction or share a story then please email: community@jamaicaobserver.com.
  7. Lastly, read our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy