This Day in History — July 8

Today is the 189th day of 2022. There are 176 days left in the year.


2009: US President Barack Obama and other leaders of the world's richest industrial countries pledge to seek dramatic cuts in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 to slow dangerous climate change. They agree for the first time that worldwide temperatures must not rise more than a few degrees.


1524: Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano arrives in France to report on his discoveries in the New World, which include the New York Bay. His voyage becomes the basis for French claims of territory.

1709: Russian forces under Peter the Great defeat Swedish forces under Charles XII at Poltava, Ukraine.

1846: Denmark's King Christian VIII declares Danish State indivisible and heritable by females.

1858: British proclaim victory after a year of bitter fighting to put down the Indian Mutiny.

1885: The Wall Street Journal is first published.

1895: Opening of Delagoa Bay Railway gives Transvaal — now in South Africa — an outlet to the sea.

1920: Britain annexes East African Protectorate as Kenya Colony.

1940: Norwegian Government moves to London 62 days after Nazi Germany invades that country.

1976: Indonesian Government says 9,000 people died in earthquake in New Guinea.

1986: Kurt Waldheim is inaugurated as Austria's president despite admitting he lied about serving in the German army during World War II.

1993: Seven Muslim radicals are hanged in Egypt for attacking foreign tourists in their campaign to overthrow the Government.

1994: Kim Il Sung, North Korea's long-time ruler, dies.

1996: The first Islamist-led Government in Turkey's modern history narrowly wins a vote of confidence.

1997: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) extends membership invitations to three Eastern European countries — Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.

1998: The Taliban religious army in Afghanistan outlaws televisions and video cassette recorders.

2002: A group of about 150 women occupy the ChevronTexaco Corp oil pipeline terminal in Escravos, Nigeria, trapping some 700 workers inside in a seven-day siege. The women demand that ChevronTexaco employ their sons and provide their villages with electricity.

2003: Ladan and Laleh Bijani, 29-year-old Iranian twins who were joined at the head, die in Singapore after doctors in a 54-hour operation managed to separate their brains but were unable to stop blood loss.

2004: Europe's top human rights court rejects an appeal to grant full human rights to a foetus, saying that is a matter for national governments to decide.

2006: Poland's governing party accepts the resignation of Prime Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz and recommends party chairman Jaroslaw Kaczynski — the president's identical twin — to replace him.

2007: Israeli Cabinet approves the release of 250 Palestinian prisoners in a gesture of support for moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

2010: The largest spy swap between the US and Russia since the Cold War unfolds as 10 people accused of spying in suburban America plead guilty to conspiracy and are ordered deported to Russia in exchange for the release of four Russian spies.

2011: Hundreds of thousands of Syrians pour into the streets of the Opposition stronghold Hama, bolstered by a gesture of support from the American and French ambassadors, who visited the city, where a massacre nearly 30 years ago came to symbolise the ruthlessness of the Assad dynasty.

2012: Egypt's Islamist president fires the first volley in his battle with the nation's powerful generals, calling on the Islamist-dominated parliament to reconvene despite a military court-backed ruling that dissolved it.


Jean de La Fontaine, French writer and fabulist (1621-1695); Count Ferdinand Zeppelin, German inventor of dirigible (1838-1917); John D Rockefeller, US financier (1839-1937); Kathe Kollwitz, German artist (1867-1945); Anjelica Huston, US actress/director (1951- ); Kevin Bacon US actor (1958- ); Beck Hansen, US rock singer (1970- )

— AP

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